The Rise of Plantation Economies

The Historical Importance of Plantation Slave Systems

Constructing a Nation

The plantation slavery system oriented through various and developing economic systems and regions. Indigenous slaves, African Slaves, and free labor were major contributing factors to the importance of plantation slave system, utilizing the slaves as tools to efficiently produce goods and import and export goods internationally. Plantation slave systems obtained vast historical implications in the development and foundation of structured regions.
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Plantation Slave System in North America

The Plantation slave system in the United States developed through a series of key events within British North America rule that were fundamental factors in the developing economy. In order to understand how the United States and the southern states developed an advanced system of plantation slavery, the historical understanding was founded within the British colonization of North America. The British Americas underwent significant political variations during the development, oriented around territorial expansions from the French and Latin American regions. The British colonies utilized the slavery and free labor from indigenous people to aid the agricultural production from the resources. By the 1700s, African slaves were being imported into North America in great quantities within the Middle Passage system consisting of surrounding territories. Conflicts between the French and English in border regions as west as Pennsylvania were rife during the early 1750s and exploded into full-blown war in 1756. The war was known as the Seven Years' War in European and the French and Indian War in British North American cookies ultimately halted any agricultural production abilities. The conflict within North America caused great instability with the nation, and furthered the gap between Britain and the North American populace. The British Colonies utilized the waterways and Atlantic ocean to utilize the importation of African American slavery into the nation. North America obtained vast geographical opportunities within the environment, climate, and well nourished soil. Through advancements and knowledge gained from the previous indigenous people, the ability to produce agricultural goods became accessible. Most of the regions during these generations were oriented through monocultures, agriculturally producing a single good and importation it internationally. Almost every type of ecosystem is available throughout the southern regions of North America, allowing for plentiful growth of cotton, fruits, vegetables, tobacco and sugar. The United States plantation system developed into a superior economic lifeline in the economic system, allowing for complete structural development throughout the nation.

The Middle Passage

The Middle Passage obtains vast historical importance in the plantation slave system, and was a fundamental contribution towards stabilizing involved nations. The Middle Passage is referred to the waterways within the Atlantic ocean that allowed for the export and importation of slaves into the Americas. During the voyage, slaves were treated extremely poor, and endured harsh conditions. These aspect of the voyage influenced the African Americans slaves into a system without an escape, se very rarely would slaves attempt to escape, revolt, or be violent towards authoritative figures upon arrival of their given destination. The obedient slaves played a fundamental role of the striving economies with the abilities for free labor, allowing for mass production at a rapid pace. This aspect of slaves contributing to economies and was a pivotal aspect as a foundation for stability within the economies based upon the plantation production system.
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The Rise of Latin America's Economy

Latin America played an important historical role the usage and transportation of African Slaves throughout the Americas. Many economists have interpreted the establishment of the plantation economy as the beginning of a Western type of industrialization. The prototype of the controlled, underdeveloped economy is the one that concentrates on plantation products. Must of the initial labor supply came from aboard. Latin American experienced a limited market, spending most of their economic financial capacity by purchasing luxury goods from aboard. The key economic factor that produced large-scale capitalist culture is the requirement of long term capital investment in the crop or machinery combined with relatively low cost of the land. When the crop is also labor-intensive, particularly when labor is highly seasonal, a rather typical plantation system tends to emerge. Mining natural resources and fossil fuels from the geographical landscape offered international profit by the mining of gold and coal. The plantation economy became a cultural norm throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The major plantation crops efficiently utilized during its early stages of economic development included sugar, tea, coffee, cocoa, prices, tobacco, rubber, cotton, bananas and coconut. Unlike North America and its mass land ownership, Latin America obtained a unique value by narrowly controlled markets and labor-intensive plantations and crop . The agricultural productions didn't desire a skilled labor force, which allowed for cheap African slave purchasing from aboard, which boosted the region's economy and its stability.
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Plantation Economy within the Caribbean

The Caribbean played an unique historical role in the construction of the plantation slave system within the Americas, its produced a vast amount of agricultural resources which were exported to Europe. Upon arrival of the settlements and independence of the Caribbean is that it would be an extension of Europe, as it provided cultural, environmental and agricultural opportunities that Europe couldn't obtain within their territory. Initially upon settlement, tobacco and cotton became the main export from the Caribbean, but was difficult to profit from in a dual economic production good. Tobacco and cotton were able to be ran by small farms and families to produce the quantity desire within the region and small exportation requirements. Sugar quickly became a main agricultural priority as it was considered a luxury good for Britain, because of the demand of sugar abroad, the supply needed to increase. The were issues with the production of sugar, it required skill workers within the free labor slave system, as well as it required a large amount of land space to efficiently produce sugar in enough quantity to supply Europe. With the demand of sugar increasing internationally, major farms and plantations began to arise which ultimately pushed small farms and families out of the system and became a state ran operation. The rise of sugar demand also rose along with the availability or African Slave transportation along the Middle Passage, while these slaves were familiar with the nourished soil and climate conditions, it was easily adaptable for the slaves to produce sugar at a rapid pace within the plantations. Towards the 1700s, African slaves doubled the population of whites, as the Caribbean became a slave plantation system state, which the economy strived off of the availability and financial profit.

Conclusion

The plantation slave system developed through regions at various rates between North America, Latin America and the Caribbean. Through political, economical, social, cultural, and territorial expansion complications, the plantation slave system began to uproot itself through historical importance. The availability of transpiration and voyage and African Slaves and free laborers allowed for the opportunity for regions to produce mass agriculture at a rapid rate. Through rates of supply and demand, international import and exportation, and the importance of Europe and the demand of goods it desired, the slave system quickly became the social norm. The three nations that I researched obtained various historical importance, but all concluded within the same scope of the importance of the plantation slave system within their economy.

Bibliography

Bergard, Laird W. The Comparative Histories of Slavery in Brazil, Cuba, and the United States. New Approaches to the Americas. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 33-63.


Cajzares-Esguerra, Jorge, Canizares-Esquerra, James. Sidbury, Childs, Matt D., and Project Muse. Early Modern Americas: Black Urban Atlantic in the Age of the Slave Trade. Early Modern Americas. Philadelphia, Pa, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013. 234-260.


Curtin, Phillip D. The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History. 2nd ed. Studies in Comparative World History. 1998. 17-46.


Klein, Herbert S., and Vinson, Ben. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. 2nd ed. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. 49-64.


Young, Ruth C. “The Plantation Economy and Industrial Development in Latin America.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 18, no. 3 (1970): 342-361.