African History Choice Board

By: Conner Sanders

Colonization Map of Africa

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Apartheid in South Africa

Apartheid means segregation of races and that is what happened in South Africa. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in South Africa. The British soon defeated the Afrikaners (Europeans who settled in South Africa) and Zulus and declared South Africa a independent country in 1910. Laws were soon made to keep land and wealth in the hands of the whites. Apartheid forced Blacks to live in a Homeland. Blacks could not vote, got low-paying jobs, were put in poor schools, had to carry identification, and they had segregated buildings. President F. W. de Klerk of South Africa had to stop the Apartheid because of protests and pressure from foreign countries. Finally, in 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected president of South Africa in the first multiracial.
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21st Century Issues in Africa

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