Is India a Modern Country?

poverty and homelessness


India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It is predicted that by 2035 India would be the third largest country in the world just after U.S and China. Never the less despite India's process of industrialization it faces many challenges.


One of the most important issues in India is poverty. As of 2010 over 37% of India's population. In rural areas people depend on agriculture that is highly volatile. Drought and rains negatively impact crops affecting the food supply. Large families in India have limited resources and many people are forced to migrate into the cities. Similarly to the industrial revolution in Great Britain the population is moved into big cities because of the enclosure movement. Poverty also leads to criminalization and in India the number of people in poverty is growing everyday. These poor people seek work in the city and usually the only job one can get at that status is manufacturing. I'm not romanticizing manufacturing jobs," says Partha Sen, director of the Delhi School of Economics. "But so far as I know the only way out of poverty for hugely overpopulated economy is through manufacturing." Allowing these people to get job's is a step forward in the continuing problem of poverty, but the issue is still giving major problems to India's government.


Homelessness is a condition where an individual lacks housing or adequate shelter. Causes of homelessness are drug abuse, loss of job or money, lack of available housing, mental or physical disabilities and the breaking apart of families Homeless children in India have to go through many challenges including abuse, discrimination, poor health conditions, and poverty. Homeless people in India make up 17% of the world's slum dwellers and 63% of the homeless in South Asia.

A Tired Street Child Sleeps with his Dog

Homelessness in the Industrial Revolution

Currently in India there is a huge gap between the rich and the poor. The same thing occurred in the Industrial Revolution. Factory workers were often extremely poor and lived in unsanitary shelters. Many homeless children often worked in factories just to scrape by in life. The same thing happens today as India continues to industrialize.

Government Support

The government introduced many industrial polices to help eradicate poverty. There is a public distribution system, Integrated Rural Development Program and other, yet they have limited effects. Ms.Shivani Chaudhry of HLNR, who has been involved with homelessness programs in India, said that "homelessness is a serious issue because of the failure of governance." She also enumerated a few points for a way forward like, " separating shelters, need for free checkups in hospitals, protect land and housing rights, and more " (A Report on the BCF-IIC Open Discourse Series). Many people struggle everyday for survival in India and I think that the government should offer free education as well as employment and training opportunities for the deprived population.


Works Cited

"Devlopment in India." General Reference Center Gold. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.

"India Poverty Map." Maps of India. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.

India's Poor Aren't Getting Richer. Here's Why. PlanetMoney, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <>.

"One Million Left Homless in India." Huff Post IMpact. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <>.

Poverty in India. Economy Watch Content, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <>.

A Report on the BCF-IIC Open Discourse Series. Business and Community Foundation, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.

SlumDogs. Charles Fenwick, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <>.

What We Do Urban Poverty. Indo-Global Social Service Society, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <>.