4.3.1 Sammy Yass 5/10/2016 Block: 3
- Low Density Lipoprotein
- "bad Cholesterol"
- plaque buildup
- carries cholesterol to whole body
- 50% cholesterol and 25% protein
- High Density Lipoprotein
- "good Cholesterol"
- disposed of in liver
- carries cholesterol from heart to liver to be disposed of
Why do doctors monitor the concentrations of LDL and HDL in patients’ blood?
Both can cause cardiovascular disease.
- Good vs. Bad Cholesterol. (2016, March 13). Retrieved May 10, 2016, from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/AboutCholesterol/Good-vs-Bad-Cholesterol_UCM_305561_Article.jsp#.VzIF2vn4_IU
- LDL and HDL: “Bad” and “Good” Cholesterol. (2015, March 16). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/cholesterol/ldl_hdl.htm
- Gill, M. M. (2016, May 3). Cholesterol: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments. Retrieved May 10, 2016, from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/9152.php
How are the concentrations of LDL and HDL associated with the risk for heart disease and associated disorders?
- arteries will shrink and harden more of a chance for a stroke
- HDL lowers removes cholesterol
What other molecules in a patient’s blood are monitored along with LDL and HDL?
What do the results of a cholesterol test mean? How do patients interpret each value?
- shows total cholesterol levels
- risk of disease
- triglyceride levels
What can patients do to change the levels of LDL and HDL in their blood?
- eat foods with lower cholesterol
ex: oatmeal, apples, salmon
- exercise and eat foods with unsaturated fats
ex: run/walk three times a week for 30 mins.; salmon, tuna
How does intake of unsaturated, saturated, and trans fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health?
unsaturated-improve blood levels
saturated- increase HDL
trans fats- increase HDL