Psychological Disorders

Zachary Timothy

What makes a disorder a disorder?

Behaviors are classified by 4 characteristics that follow the acronym MUDA

M-Maladaptive (not appropriate for the situation)

U- Unjustifiable (no apparent logical reason)

D-Disturbing (Unconfortable for those around)

A- Atypical (Not normal behavior)

DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders)

Classifies all psychological disorders and provides help in diagnosing them
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Anxiety Disorders

Panic Disorder

Characterized by sudden attacks of intense anxiety and fear, symptoms are similar to a heart attack


Intense and irrational fears

Commonly treated by exposure therapy

OCD (Obsessive-compulsive disorder)

Characterized by repeated thoughts or actions

PTSD (Post traumatic stress disorder)

Disorder caused by extremely stressful events. Characterized by anxiety and flashbacks

Most commonly affects veterans and victims of abuse

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GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)

Characterized by constant feelings of anxiety with no cause

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative Fugue

Person completely forgets their identity and temporarily creates a new one. Often times the affected drops what they are doing and travels far away.

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Also known as multiple personality disorder. Those affected have different personality they switch between at random. It can cause some controversy when coming to the insanity rule in murder cases because it cannot be proven for sure.

Dissociative Amnesia

Those affected cannot remember the past with no apparent cause.

Mood Disorders

Major Depressive Disorder

Characterized by long periods of feelings of sadness and helplessness

Commonly treated by anti-depressants

Other ways to fight depression are

  1. Changing the environment
  2. Reducing Self-blame
  3. Exercise
  4. Laugh more
  5. Help others
  6. Have a positive look on the future

Bipolar Disorder

Characterized by cycles with periods of mania (carelessness, restlessness, "on top of the world") and periods of depression.

Normally treated with the drugs containing lithium

Personality Disorders

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Person is very paranoid about everyting

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Person is very withdrawn and has strange behaviors

Schizotypical Personality Disorder

Person has a couple of schizophrenia symptoms, but does not have the disorder

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Person appears to have no conscious, will not regret any actions. (Many serial killers have this disorder)

Borderline Personality Disorder

Person is on the verge of having a break from reality

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Person is always over dramatic

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Person is self-absorbed, all about them

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Person tends to isolate themselves

Dependent Personality Disorder

Person will tend to "cling" to others because they are often very anxious

Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder

Person often times wants everything in a certain order and organized


Common Symptoms

  • Disorganized Thinking
  • Delusions
  • Paranoia
  • Word Salad
  • Hallucinations
  • Inappropriate actions and emotions
  • Catatonia

Common Types of Scizophrenia

  1. Paranoid Schizophrenia
  2. Disorganized Schizophrenia
  3. Catatonic Schizophrenia