By Katherine Hinton
The electoral college is organized by state. The number of representative is based on the population of the state. The party that wins the most popular votes sends all its electors to vote in the electoral college. The electors for every state then vote for their party's candidates. The candidates with the most electoral votes become president or vice president. the electoral college came about partly because the people who wrote the u.s constitution did not trust the common voters. usually, the candidates who win the most popular votes also win the most votes in the electoral college. in the 2000 election, more citizens vote for AI Gore than for George W. Bush became president.This happened because Bush's party won in enough states to send the most electors to the electoral college Besides Bush, two other u.s presidents have been elected with fewer popular votes than their opponents, they were Rutherford B.HAYES in 1876 and Harrison in 1888. every four years, millions of citizens vote for president and vice president of the united state. But the citizens' votes (called popular votes) do not directly elect there leaders their vote actually elect the 538 members of a group called then electoral college. The electoral college then elects the president and vice president.Established in article2, section 1 of the u.s. constitution the electoral college is the formal 1 body which electors the president and vice president of the united state. Each state has as many electors in the electoral college as it has representative and senators in the united state congress, and the district of Columbia has three electors, when voters go to the polls Ina presidential election, they actually are voting for the state of electors voting to cast their ballots for that ticket in the electoral college.Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the majority in that state. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning state of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots-one for vice president and one for president electors.Cannot vote for a presidential and vice presidential candidate who both hail from an elector's home state. Maine and Nebraska employ a distinct system in which two at large electors vote for the state;s popular majority and one elector votes for each congressional district's popular majority. In the November2,2004 election, Colorado votes.