Civil Rights Movement

Kelton Buck

Civil Rights Movement and its Impact

Throughout history, slavery has remained a horrible, but prevalent thing. The poor treatment of our own fellow human beings is truly a horrible thing to think about. But after America abolished slavery, unfair treatment of our fellow people was still alive. That is, until the civil rights movement came around and ended it. This group of people, both black and white, banded together stronger than ever before because they all believed that everyone deserved an equal shot at a happy life

Civil Rights Movement Strategies

The Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation may have ended slavery, but they never ended the racial hate and inequality. Nearly 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation was created, African Americans were still living in an unequal and hateful world. But even through all the hate, they were still able to keep the majority of their movement contained to non-violent acts of civil disobedience. Martin Luther King Jr. and his followers led many non-violent movements. They held sit-ins, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, they joined up as a group and MLK would give motivational speeches, and held many parades and marches as well.

However, not all the believers of Civil Rights practiced non-violent confrontations. Malcolm X for example, told his followers to "cast off the shackles of racism by any means necessary."

Top Five Events

1. Brown VS. Board of Education: This was a huge turning point in favor of the civil rights activists. This helped them win the battle towards desegregating the public school system and eventually everything else in society.

2. Montgomery Bus Boycott: Rosa Parks being arrested for refusing to give up her seat for a white person really sparked enthusiasm and hope in the hearts of people and led to begin one of the most impact full "rebellions" in American history

3. Little Rock Nine: This event, along with Brown VS. Board of Education, was a tremendous step in proving that African-American students and white students should me allowed to go to the same public schools

4. 16th Street Church Bombing: The bombing was an act of racially motivated terrorism. 4 African-American girls died in the bombing

5. March on Washington: More than 200,000 African-Americans and white Americans gathered at the Lincoln Memorial to hear Martin Luther King Jr. give his famous "I Have A Dream" speech

Two Unsung Heroes of the Civil Rights Movement

1. Bayard Rustin organized the March on Washington so that Martin Luther King Jr. could give his "I Have a Dream" speech. Rustin also co-founded he Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and advised MLK on Gandhian civil disobedience tactics. He was arrested many times for civil disobedience and open homosexuality, until he died of a ruptured appendix on August 24, 1987 at the age of 75

2. A. Phillip Randolph was a huge part in both the civil rights movement and the labor organizing movement. He organize the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which was actually the first majority-black labor union. Randolph also led the March on Washington alongside Bayard Rustin and Martin Luther King Jr. Randolph organized the League for Nonviolent Civil Disobedience Against Military Segregation. This group evetually led President Truman to issue a 1948 executive order that completely banned racial segregation in the U.S. Armed Forces