The Boston Article

By Brendan Gunville

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773, as the name implies Boston, Massachusetts. A group of protesters called the Sons of Liberty, disguised as American Indians threw crates of tea from cargo ships into the Boston Harbor. The protesting occurred because of the tea act enforced by the British Parliament. The protesters believed in their right in "No Taxation without representation." The Boston Tea Party escalated further leading to the American Revolution.

Proclamation of 1763

Official known as the Royal Proclamation of 1763, it was issued on October 7, 1763 by King George lll. After the French and Indian wars also known as the Seven Year war, Great Britain forbade all settlement past a line running along the Appalachian Mountains. It lead the spread of British culture and laws in Upper Canada. This later lead to conflicts with Great Britain. The Proclamation ended with the Treaty of Paris in which France reclaimed most of its land from Britain.

First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress was the meeting of twelve of the thirteen colonies, except Georgia. The meeting took place on September 5, 1774 to October 26, 1774 in Carpenters Hall, Philadelphia. Georgia didn't attend because they we're still loyal to Britain. Congress sent a petition asking to halt the enforcement of the intolerable acts, this petition was called the Olive Branch Petition. The king never accepted the petition sent from Congress.

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770, at Boston Massachusetts. This happened because a crowd of people were throwing objects, and verbally abusing British soldiers, leading to them opening fire on the crowd, killing five people. This incident fueled people to rebel against Britain, later leading to the American Revolution. The incident was actually smaller than it said to be by protesters. The first free African american, Cripus Attucks, was shot and killed in this incident.

Battle of Saratoga

The Battle of Saratoga happened from September 19, 1777, to October 7, 1777, in Saratoga, New York. This battle, was the turning point for the Americans over British. Americans won by surrounding British forces, called "turning point of American Revolution." Winning this battle also convinced the French to ally against the British, helping America win the war. There were still more battles after this but there were assisted by French forces.

Battle of Yorktown

The Battle of Yorktown occurred from September 28 to October 19, 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia. Also known as the Surrender of Cornwallis, this was the decisive battle against the British. Surrounding the British from all sides, with the French blocking the Chesapeake Bay made it inevitable for the British to surrender. This battle ended the war against Britain, and this battle marked the victory of the war for the Americans and French. Later leading to the signing of the Treaty of Paris, and the recognition of America's independence.

George Washington

George Washington, one of America's generals leading men against the British in the American Revolution. His presence also helped ratify the Declaration of Independence, at the Constitutional Conventional. Although he lost many battles against the British, he never surrendered. He won the Battle of Valley Forge and the Battle of Yorktown, two major battles in the American Revolution.

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin, a spokesman against the taxes placed on the colonies, and a delegate. He was chosen to be part of the Committee of Five, assigned to write the Declaration of Independence. He was an Ambassador of France, sent to negotiate on the Treaty of France, and helped write the United States Constitution. He is a Founding Father, and second to that of George Washington in American Independence, both holding honorary positions.