What to know about you pre-schooler

Ages 3-5

General Information:

They enjoy a sense of accomplishment.

Are introduced to shame and guilt.

Learn what is right from wrong.

Able to follow verbal instruction.

Grow 2-3 inches yearly

Gain 4-5lbs yearly

Allow child to have a sense of independence, dress themselves, work through trying to tie their shoes. Encourage and give praise when successful!

Theorists

Erikson: Learning to evaluate their own behavior and develop conscience. Receive discipline without shaming.

Piaget: Self diminishes, thinks about one thing at a time. Express thoughts with words.

Immunizations

Annual Flu Shot (virus that targets the respiratory tract)


5th dose of DTAP (Diphtheria; bacteria that swells the airway; Tetanus: bacteria that causes paralysis and death; Acellular Pertussis: bacteria that swells the airway)

4th dose of Polio vaccine (a virus that causes paralysis)

2nd dose of MMR (Measles: virus that causes a rash, high fever, cough and sensitivity to light; mumps: virus that causes painful selling of parotid gland; Rubella: virus that causes a rash that can cause birth defects in pregnant women with Rubella.

2nd dose of Varicella (virus that causes a serious rash)

Development

Gross Motor- Can skip, hop, stand on one foot. Beginning stages of hand-eye coordination (throws and catches ball), increase in overall balance. Teach to swim and explore outside.


Fine Motor- Enjoys building (bridges/towers), draw more detailed figures, beginning to use scissors and tie shoelaces. Provide activities like crafts.


Language- Vocabulary increases from 900-2100 words over span of pre-school age, uses complete sentences with three to six words, knows positional words, (on top, under, behind), begin to learn names of colors, days of the week, months.

Nutritional Needs:

Average Daily calories: 1800

3 meals, 2-3 snacks

1/2 Adult portion

Protien: 13-19 g/day

Fiber: 5 grams + child's age

Calcium: 700-1000mg

Low-fat/non-fat milk cheese,yogurt

(**no more than 24 oz of milk)

Juice Drinks: 4-6 oz 100% fruit Juice


*Pre-school children only eat slightly more than toddlers

*They understand when they're full.

*Focus on quality of food


Go to ChooseMyPlate.gov