Trope

pronunciation: troʊp

Definition:

A figurative or metaphorical use of a word or expression.

Trope refers to different types of figures of speech, such as puns, metaphors, and similes.

Examples:

A trope is a word used in a non literal sense to create a powerful image. If you say, "Chicago's worker bees buzz around the streets," you're using a trope. Workers aren't literally bees, but it suggests how fast they move.


http://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/trope

Rhetorical Technique

Tropes are figures of speech with an unexpected twist in the meaning of words