CGC1P - Livable Communities

How Can We Continue to Grow and Develop Sustainably?


Why is it important to learn about and understand how people settle and live in Mississauga? Ontario? Canada? Around the world?

What does sustainability mean?

How do we use our land?

Where It All Began...

Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32

What Factors Affect Livability?

Let's Review!

What is population distribution?

Recall which factors contribute to where people choose to settle. Provide examples.

Types of Settlements

Types of Settlements Discussion Questions:

  1. Suggest 2 reasons why the Hudson Bay Lowlands have a scattered population.
  2. Suggest 2 reasons why Southeastern Ontario has a clustered population.
  3. Suggest 2 reasons why parts of the Atlantic Maritime have a linear population.
  4. Which type of settlement pattern does your community have: scattered, clustered, or linear? Using a map, suggest three reasons why this type of pattern is found in your area. Find a region in another country that has a similar pattern. Why are the patterns similar?

Basic and Non-Basic Industries

Basic: Urban place exists because of one or more economic activities that bring money into the community. Selling goods or services to people outside of the local community. New money is brought into the local economy.

Ex. Manufacturing something in your hometown, then selling it somewhere else

Non-Basic: Not all business activities bring money into the community. Selling goods or services to people within the local community. Recycling existing money in the local economy.

Ex. Getting your hair cut at a local barber

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Discuss what process is depicted in the pictures above. Which local multiplier effect is best? Why?

Urban Places:

The Geenbelt - Why Is It Important to Protect It?

Gord Miller: Gauging the Greenbelt

Ontario's Greenbelt

  • The GTA is Canada's largest urban centre.
  • In the next 30 years, the GTA's population is expected to increase from 8 to 11 million people.
  • These people, and the surrounding communities, need clean water, air, and a secure food supply.
  • The areas around Toronto also need to be protected - environmentally sensitive areas, rural villages and towns and precious farmland!

  • The Greenbelt is an area of protected green space, farmland, and vibrant communities
  • It extends 325km, surrounding the Golden Horseshoe (Southern Ontario) and covers 1.8 million acres
  • It protects 535,000 acres of lakes, wetlands, river valleys and forests

Why is it Important?

  • The Greenbelt protects environmentally sensitive land and farmland from urban development (sprawl)
  • Farming is the dominant land use here. Farmers own over 50% of this land
  • There are approximately 7000 farms in the Greenbelt!
  • Open spaces are maintained for tourism and recreation - hiking, camping, skiing, wine-tasting, fruit picking, and much more!
  • The Greenbelt preserves some of the most valuable land in Canada, providing fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy, beef, pork, and poultry...
  • It also protects lakes, wetlands, forests, natural habitats for species, and space for recreation too

Why do we Need to Protect Farmland?

Only 6.8% of Ontario land is crop area. Most of this area is in the "Golden Horseshoe." This is an area that surrounds the west end of Lake Ontario.
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Urban Sprawl

Remember THIS picture? Now that we know so much about changing populations and livable communities, what do you understand the term "urban sprawl" to mean?


Get into a group. Each member will "wear a hat" - represent a different perspective. Using your role, how would you feel about urban sprawl?




Urban Planner

Local Citizen (in older part of the city)

Urban Sprawl - Is it Destroying our Farmland?

  1. What is the issue?
  2. What is the cause of the issue.
  3. Describe the social, economic, environmental, and political implications of the issue.
  4. What are some solutions to this issue?

What is Environmental Sustainability?

The ability to meet the needs and wants from the environment for the present without compromising the environment's ability to meet those of the future.

  1. Provide 5 examples of non-sustainable uses of the Earth's resources
  2. Provide 5 examples of how we might use the Earth's resources today without compromising future generation's ability to meet their needs

"The Story of Stuff" - Are We Using More than Our Share? Think Back to Our Discussions on the "Ecological Footprint"

Story of Stuff (2007, OFFICIAL Version)

Agree or Disagree?

"The responsibility for environmental damage ultimately belongs to every individual, and not to companies or governments."

And Finally...Your Course Culminating Assignment! :)

Canada's communities are experiencing significant growth. However, growth brings with it challenges and issues we need to address; Mississauga is no different. However, there is a chance for evolution to overcome these challenges. Bonnie Crombie has approached your team of young, urban planners to create a new, revised Mississauga – Mississauga 2.0. She would like you to present a plan for change that would overcome the challenges facing this.

Guiding Question: “How Can Mississauga (and Ontario) Grow Sustainably?”