Robert Laughlin

By: Elizabeth Dawodu

Robert Laughlin's Life

Robert Laughlin was born on November 1,1950 in Visalia, California. He is currently 64 years old.

Education

- Received his Bachelors of Art in Math from University of California, Berkley in 1972

- Received his Ph.D in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1979

- Became a research physicist at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory since from 1981 to 1982

- Became a physics professor at Stanford University in 1985

Major Contributions

- Received the Nobel Prize in 1998

- Received the E.O. Lawrence Award for Physics in 1985

- Received the Benjamin Franklin Award in 1998

- Mr. Laughlin discovered the fractional quantum Hall effect. The fractional quantum Hall effect describes that electrons in an extremely magnetic field and low temperature environment will form a quantum fluid that can allow electrons to be identified. Daniel Tsui and Horst Stormer helped by experimenting with the Hall effect which was discovered in 1979. Klaus Klitzing found the connection between temperature, the magnetic field, and quantum properties. Laughlin was able to put together all the information gathered from research to come up with the fractional quantum Hall effect.