The Roaring Twenties

aka The Jazz Age

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"Hip flasks of hooch, jazz, speakeasies, bobbed hair, 'the lost generation.' The Twenties are endlessly fascinating. It was the first truly modern decade and, for better or worse, it created the model for society that all the world follows today." (from Kevin Rayburn, "Two Views of the 1920s.")
https://youtu.be/VfOR1XCMf7A
To Live In The 1920's
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MODERNISM: 1914-1939

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Are Women's Sports Too Strenuous? (1925)
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“Women who are wage earners, with one job in the factory and another in the home, have little time and energy left to carry on the fight to better their economic status. They need the help of... labor laws.” Mary Anderson, Director, Women’s Bureau -1923
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Art of the Harlem Renaissance


PICTURED ART: Artist: Palmer Hayden; Title: Jeunesse, no date, watercolor on paper, 14 x 17 inches, collection of Dr. Meredith F. Sirmans, NY. This and works by many other artists the Harlem Renaissance were influenced by their enjoyment of jazz, an often improvisational musical form developed during the 1920s by African Americans and influenced by European harmonic structure and African rhythmic complexity. Jazz can be identified by its characteristic blues rhythms and distinctive speech intonations. Harlem has long been an important center for jazz. Palmer Hayden could have seen such dancing as this at the Savoy, which was Harlem's most famous jazz club.


ASSIGNMENT: Find a piece of art created during the Harlem Renaissance and analyze the ways in which it represents the time period. Make sure you include the image with your analysis.

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Langston Hughes on the duty of the Negro artist...

"It is the duty of the younger Negro artist . . . to change through the force of his art that old whispering "I want to be white," hidden in the aspirations of his people, to "Why should I want to be white? I am a Negro and beautiful!"

John Green on Langston Hughes and The Harlem Renaissance...

Take notes on the video.
Langston Hughes & the Harlem Renaissance: Crash Course Literature 215
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Becoming Modern: America in the 1920s Primary Source Collection - Prejudice

Choose one of the editorial/opinion articles contained in the following document as your AoW and respond to it. (1st para = summation; 2nd = your thoughts/opinions on article) Upload to Classroom.


Document #1 ("The Ku Klux Klan")


Document #2 ("Black & White in America")

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Al Capone on Prohibition...

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“I make my money by supplying a public demand. If I break the law, my customers, who number hundreds of the best people in Chicago, are as guilty as I am. Everybody calls me a racketeer. I call myself a businessman.” Bootlegger Al Capone - 1925
1920s Anti-Alcohol Commercial
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Scopes Trial

William Jennings Bryan, Clarence Darrow, and the State of Tennessee on what should be taught in schools...

The Scopes Trial
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  • 1925 It is unlawful “to teach any theory that denies the story of the divine creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals.” From State of Tennessee Public School Law, which was violated by John Scopes, a biology teacher at Central High School in Dayton, Tennessee.


  • 1925 “Our purpose and our only purpose is to vindicate the right of parents to guard the religion of their children against efforts made in the name of science to undermine faith in supernatural religion.” William Jennings Bryan, Democrat presidential hopeful and former Secretary of State, speaking out in favor of the Tennessee law, before the beginning of the Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tenn.


  • "I furnished the body that was needed to sit in the defendant's chair." John Scopes on his role in the trial.
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1920s Humorist Robert Benchley on Salesmanship

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  • 1924 “We’d rather do without clothes than give up the car.” Mother of nine children


  • 1924 “Trespassers will B persecuted 2 the full extent of 2 mongrel dogs which neve was over sochible to strangers and 1 doubl shot gun which ain’t loaded with sofa pillors.” Sign posted by farmer to chase off city tourists who rob from his land.


  • 1929 “The extensive use of this new tool by the young has enormously extended their mobility and the range of alternatives before them; joining a crowd motoring over to a dance... twenty miles away may be a matter of a moment’s decision, with no one’s permission asked.” Robert and Helen Lynd, looking at how life has been changed by the auto, in Middletown (1929), their study of Muncie, Indiana
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Baseball

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Football

Tennis, Golf, & Boxing

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Coco Chanel on fashion...

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Stock Footage - 1920's Fashion Show

University of Maryland Junior Prom - 1923

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From 1920s Esquire

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"You ain`t heard nothing yet, folks!"

Al Jolson
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Plane Crazy Mickey Mouse Classic Walt Disney 1928 Sound Cartoon