Scoop on Events of the Civil War
A Quick Read to Know What's Going On!
Firing on Fort Sumter (1861)
News came in that the end of the battle at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina has ended. This is significant! The firing upon the fort basically started the Civil War, the Union versus the Confederacy. It had started on April 12th and ended on April 13th when U.S. Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort to Confederate Brig General P.G.T. Beauregard. The score is now 1-0, Confederacy 1. Surprisingly, there were no casualties during the battle, but one had died in the 100-turned-50-gun salute. The great disadvantage the Union had was the fact they only had 80 soldiers compared to the 500 Confederate soldiers they were up against. Also, they had limited supplies, such as ammunition. Despite the loss, the Union soldiers were praised as heroes when they went back to the North.
Ducksters.com,. 'Battle Of Fort Sumter'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
Battle of Antietam (1862)
One of the bloodiest battles so far in this war’s history has came to conclusion. The Battle of Antietam that is was fought on September 16th up to the 18th. In the end, Commander Robert E. Lee retreated from Washington County, Maryland. General George B. McClellan’s forces almost was double the size of the confederate forces, but the Confederates were able to hold their ground before they had to retreat. Even though Lee had retreated, it’s really indecisive on who really won because both had lost many casualties; the Union had about 12,000 and the Confederates had 10,000. However, word has came around though that Abraham and the rest of the Union consider it a victory. It’s heard that the bitter retreat of Commander Robert E. Lee caused them to rethink invading the North.
Cdn.loc.gov,. 'Battle Of Antietam'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
Siege and Battle of Vicksburg (1863)
Union General Ulysses S. Grant has finally taken control of a fortress in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The conquering of the base required many attempts. The siege had began on May 18th and extended all the way to July 4th. It had ended when Confederate Commander John C. Pemberton surrendered his forces. This victory will definitely benefit the Union. Now, they have control over the Mississippi River.
Loc.gov,. 'Siege Of Vicksburg--13, 15, & 17 Corps, Commanded By Gen. U.S. Grant, Assisted By The Navy Under Admiral Porter--Surrender, July 4, 1863'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
Battle of Gettysburg - Lee's Failed Invasion (1863)
Confederate Commander Robert E. Lee recently retreated from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettysburg began on July 1st and came to conclusion on the 3rd. One reason it was fought in northern soil was Lee wanted to move the fighting some elsewhere besides Virginia which was hit hard with many battles. Lee’s expectations were to pick up supplies in Pennsylvania since it was plentiful with them, but also weaken the morale of the North and strengthen the peace movement there. Instead, it did the opposite. General George G. Meade had great defense against Lee’s attacks and was able to overcome them. It was about 94,000 Yankees vs 72,000 confederates with about 51,000 casualties total from both sides. The importance of this battle was it convinced Lee they shouldn’t try to invade the North again.
Cdn.history.com,. 'Battle Of Gettysburg'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
Sherman's March to the Sea (1864)
Word was passed to us that General William Tecumseh Sherman has finished his march to the sea. He had began in Atlanta, Georgia on November 15th all the way to Savannah, Georgia on December 21st. He had split his army into 2 main groups but then that also got split so he had four groups all heading for Savannah. According to a source, the purpose of the whole march was to end the war as quickly as possible with the least amount of casualties possible. Despite the intentions, they had created a path of destruction. The groups destroyed railroads, raided houses, and barns burned. Compared to the Battle of Gettysburg; however, the amount of casualties during the march was diminutive. Sherman’s March to the Sea was devastating to the South.
Georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu,. 'Sherman's March To The Sea'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
Taking Over Fort Fisher (1865)
From an important source we’ve learned that the Confederate Major General Robert F. Hoke surrendered Fort Fisher to Union General Alfred H. Terry. The Union General had replaced Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler since he had failed to seize the for the first time. Planning the attack took place on January 13th and the Union army opened fire on the fort on the 15th. It was 10,000 Yankees versus 1,900 Confederates. Fort Fisher is part of New Hanover County, North Carolina. The conquering of this base contributed to an attack against Wilmington, which was the South’s last atlantic seaport. This will affect the amount of supplies the Confederates can receive.
'Cracking Gibraltar: The Union Takes Fort Fisher'. Navyhistory.org. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
The End? Appomattox Court House (1865)
Not long ago, the Confederate General Robert E. Lee has finally surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia. The event took place on April 9th, at the McLean House in Virginia. The battle before this engaged approximately 63,000 union soldiers against 26,000 confederate soldiers. The reason Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant was he felt that at one point during the battle it was futile to sacrifice the lives of his fellow soldiers. He thought there was no point in fighting anymore because they were already losing. His actions may cause other confederate armies to soon surrender too.
HISTORY.com,. 'Appomattox Court House - American Civil War - HISTORY.Com'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.