Reproductive Cloning

Introduction

Imagine a world where someone can make a "copy" of you containing the same genetic information. What would it be like to look in the mirror knowing that you are not as unique as you thought you were? Would it even bother you to know that your home cooked meals could be scientifically made in a laboratory? All of this might seem impossible, that it could never happen, but it's closer than you think. In fact, it's already here.

Essential Question:

Is making a "copy" of something to benefit research the right thing to do?

Backround of Cloning

  • Cloning has been used for many years on both plants and animals.
  • The first successful cloned animal from an adult was in 1996.(Ex: Dolly the sheep)
  • Cloning is an extreme controversial topic. (Many debatable benefits and dangers)
  • Cloning- Making a genetic copy of an organism by using cells from the same species.
  • Scientists are believed to successfully clone a human in a few years.
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The picture above is an example of the reproductive cloning process used on Dolly the sheep.
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This is a picture of "cutting", which is the process of cloning a plant.

Benefits

  1. New organisms can be created to provide useful resources. (Ex: food, clothing,etc)
  2. Genetic research can advance. (Ex: Scientists can learn more about diseases/illnesses.)
  3. Extinct Species can be brought back to evaluate/compare to present day organisms.
  4. The economy can benefit by having the availability to trade bigger quantities.
  5. Entire species can be produced from a single cell.
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In the picture above there is no distinct difference in the two meats.

Dangers

  1. Cloning humans is illegal with many serious consequences.
  2. If cloning humans were to become legal, sources say it would only be available to those who are wealthy.
  3. It could take up to 100 pregnancies to perfect human cloning a well as other organisms.
  4. Successful cloned organisms have lasted short lives. (Ex: Dolly died at six)
  5. Cloned animals usually develop physically disabilities at a young age.(Ex: Dolly had arthritis, an adult physical disability, when she was young.)
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Answer to Essential Question:

No. After doing days of research I have come to the conclusion that cloning is not okay even if it benefits research. People have to realize that even though it may seem great to get an animal back or bring back an extinct species, they are not thinking about the possible consequences that would occur both during and after the process. Bringing back an extinct species could bring back dangers and possibly even life-threatening diseases of the past. Besides, out of the few successful animals that have been cloned, many have lasted very short, hard lifetimes. Cloning is just as bad as animal abuse if not worse. Animals should be brought back for the good of the environment, not for the progress in research. Although I have come to consider the benefits of cloning,the facts were simply not strong enough to change my thoughts. From the very beginning I disagreed with cloning for my personal, religious beliefs that only God shall create new lives and that when time was up, time was up. I found that many people agreed with this statement, but I was still up for more possibilities. Finally after seeing how many dangers there were to this present day issue, I would say that it is not okay to make a copy of something to benefit research.

Works Cited

Carr, Steven M. Dolly the sheep. Digital image. Chegg. Chegg Inc, 2004. Web.

Cloned Meat VS. Organic Meat. Digital image. Bernos.com. Bernos LLC, 2006. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Cloning Fact Sheet." Cloning Fact Sheet. National Human Genome Research Institute, 28 Apr. 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

Cloning Process. Digital image. BBC. BBC, n.d. Web.

Cloning Statistics. Digital image. Endanimalcloning.org. Endanimalcloning.org, 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

"Cloning." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.


Failure/Success of Cloning. Digital image. Learn.Genetics. University of Utah, 2014. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

How to Clone Plants by Tissue Culture. Digital image. BBC. BBC, 2014. Web.

Human Clones. Perf. Science Channel. 2012. 4 Sept. 2012. Web.

"Pros and Cons of Cloning." Clone Organs. StudioPress, 19 Jan. 2011. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

SciShow. "Resurrection Biology: How to Bring Animals Back From Extinction." YouTube. YouTube, 1 Oct. 2013. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

Seven-legged sheep. Digital image. Mail Online. Mail Online, 02 Aug. 2007. Web.