Organized my Martin Luther King Jr. for the purpose of leading peace walks and protests in the name of love and racial equality.
SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee)
a group established in 1960 to promote and use non-violent means to protest racial discrimination; they were the ones primarily responsible for creating the sit-in movement.
the site of forced school desegregation during the american civil rights movement. nine black students, known as the little rock nine, were denied entrance to the school in defiance of the 1954 u.s. supreme court ruling ordering integration of public schools.
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
1954. determined that "separate but equal" educational facilities denied equal educational opportunities. overturned plessy vs. ferguson, 1896. paved way for integration and the civil rights movement.
Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
u.s. baptist minister and civil rights leader. a noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. he was assassinated in memphis, tennessee. nobel peace prize (1964).
Montgomery Bus Boycotts
in 1955, after rosa parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, dr. martin l. king led a boycott of city busses. after 11 months the supreme court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
refused to give up her seat to a white man. Triggered Civil Rights Movement.
Sweat vs. Painter
1950. Challenged "separate but equal" segregation doctrine.
First African American to play Major League BAseball
spread ideas of black nationalism. disagreed w/ both the tactics and goals of the early civil rights movement. minister of the nation of isam. rejected his original name because it was his family's slave name.