Spina Bifida

Congenital Conditions By Jaelee Heard

Definition

Happens when a baby's backbone (spine) does not form normally. As a result, the spinal cord and the nerves that branch out of it may be damaged.
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Causes

Most doctors suspect that the insufficient levels of folic acid during pregnancy support the occurrence of this disease. Others suspect it has something to do with genetics, environment, and nutritional aspects.

Symptoms

Symptoms can sometimes be seen on the skin above the spinal defect. They include an abnormal patch of hair, a birthmark, or spinal cord tissue sticking out. Also, constipation, skin cyst, hunched back, paralysis, paralysis of the lower half, muscle weakness, and stiff muscles.
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Detection

The most common detection method is a screening test during the second trimester. Using an ultrasound (16-18 weeks digestion).
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Treatment

This disease can't be cured but treatment can help tremendously. Some treatments include: various surgeries and medical procedures, a back brace, and the help of specialized surgeons.
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Prevention

By taking prenatal vitamins it can reduce the occurrence of this disease by receiving the recommended dose of folic acid in each capsule daily.

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