Art in the 1900s

By: Griffin Olson-Allen


Cubism was a revolutionary new style. 3D objects broken into fragments. Cubism was composed into complex patterns of angles and planes. The style was also about redefining objects into separate shapes and offered a new view of reality. The blow picture is an example of cubism. Objects were divided into fragments and geometric shapes.
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Artists like Vasily Kandinsky and Paul Klee moved even further away from representing reality. This style was known as abstract and was lines, colors, and shapes. There was no recognizable subject matter at all. The photo represents abstract because it is art but not recognizable as any subject or specific object.
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Dada was a revolt against people and civilization. The paintings were intended to shock and disturb the middle class viewers. This style was introduced to Paris art world during the war and after it. Dada helped in the future to inspire surrealism. This painting is the Mona Lisa but with facial hair which would definitely disturb viewers.
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Surrealism was a movement that intended to portray the workings of the unconscious mind. Salvador Dali used paintings of melting clocks or burning giraffes. These were used to suggest the chaotic dream state described by Freud. The painting below is the melting clocks Dali used. The image is surreal because the clocks would never actually melt but they are just shown like that in the picture.
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Architects developed new styles to match the changing world. The Bauhaus school influenced architecture by blending science and technology along with design. These designers used glass, steel and concrete but little ornamentation. The house below was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and is named Falling Water. He reflected the Bauhaus beliefs and used materials and forms that ft the environment.
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Radios brought news, music, and sports into people's homes. Many of the radios listened to Jazz, the popular music style then. Jazz was pioneered by African Americans who combines African and Western sounds. Below, is a famous jazz musician, Louis Armstrong. He was a trumpeter who took simple melodies and improvised on them.
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