Magna Carta & Bill of Rights
By: Yelsie Santiesteban
The Magna Carta
- Magna Carta was created as a peace treaty between the king and the rebels.
- Means ‘The Great Charter’, is one of the most important documents in history as it established the principle that everyone is subject to the law.
- Main People: King John, The Barons, Pope Innocent III
- It's important today because The Magna Carta is considered one of the first steps taken in England towards establishing parliamentary democracy.
English Bill of Rights
- Anti-Federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty.
- The Bill creates separation of powers, limits the powers of the king and queen, enhances the democratic election and bolsters freedom of speech.
- Main People: James Madison
- It is important today because it proclaimed fundamental liberties, including freedom of elections, freedom of debate in Parliament, and freedom from excessive bail and from cruel and unusual punishments.