CPR for Adults, Children & Infants

BY: Claire Funston

Adults CPR

  • performed on any person over the age of 10-14
  • check victim for responsiveness by gently shaking them and shouting "Are you okay?" unless you suspect the victim has a spinal or neck injury
  • check for circulation at the cartoid artery
  • call 911 before you start CPR
  • use 2 hands for compressions, compressions should be 2 inches deep
  • cycles should be 30 compressions, 2 breaths

Child CPR

  • performed on any person from the age of 1 to 10-14 years old
  • check for responsiveness by gently shaking them and shouting "Are you okay?" unless you suspect the victim has a spinal or neck injury
  • check for circulation at the cartoid artery
  • start rescue breaths immediately
  • perform CPR for at least 1-2 minutes before calling 911
  • use only the heel of one hand to perform child compressions, compressions should be about 2 inches deep
  • cycles should be 30 compressions, 2 breaths
  • children have a much smaller lung capacity than adults
  • perform 5 cycles before calling 911

Infant CPR

  • performed on any person under the age of 12 months except in the first hours after birth
  • don't call 911 until you've made an attempt to resuscitate the victim
  • check for responsiveness by patting the victim's feet and gently tapping on his chest or shoulders
  • check for circulation at the brachial artery
  • only use 2 fingers for compressions, compressions should be 1/2 the depth of the victim's chest
  • cycles should be 30 compressions, 2 breaths
  • cover the victim's mouth and nose, give a quick, gentle puff from your cheeks