Macbeths Summative

By Grace Wansing

Macbeths Downfall Analysis



The witches should be to blame for Macbeths downfall because without their prophecy he would not have had the ambition to become king and he would never had killed all those people. This next quote proves his ambition begins when the witches give him his prophecy. “All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter...tell me more!” (Shakespeare 19). This shows Macbeth is anxious and wants to know more. This is the start of his ambition. This next quote will show how Macbeths ambition will start to mess with his emotions and this will lead him later to his doom. "Lady Macbeth and her husband discuss the troubled thoughts and bad dreams they have had since Duncans murder. However, they agree to hide their dark emotions at the nights banquet. Lady Macbeth tried to comfort the tormented Macbeth, but her words do no good. Instead, Macbeth hints at some terrible event that will occur" (Shakespeare 78). This paragraph goes to show that Macbeths ambition is starting to effect his emotions. This will eventually lead to his downfall and his death. It is also starting to effect Lady Macbeth and this will lead her to her own death which will sadden and effect Macbeth also. This next paragraph shows how Macbeths ambition leads him to far and how there is no sign of hope or redemption. "MacDuff finally hunts down Macbeth, who is reluctant to fight because he has already killed too many Macduffs. The still proud Macbeth tells his enemy that no man born of a woman can defeat him, only to learn that Macduff was ripped from his mothers womb, thus not born naturally. Rather than face humiliation, Macbeth decides to fight to the death. After their fight takes them elsewhere, the Scottish discuss young Siwards noble death. Macduff returns carrying Macbeths bloody head, proclaiming final victory and declaring Malcom king of Scotland. The new king thanks his supporters and promises rewards, while asking for Gods help to restore order and harmony" (Shakespeare 179). This shows Macbeths downfall is the witches fault because this is what they said would happen. Their prophecy also caused him to become ambitious which also caused him to fail.

Literary Devices

The literary device tragedy is a big device used in this story. "Enter Macduff, with Macbeths head" (Shakespeare 183). This shows the tragedy because he throws his life away by killing and hurting good people just for the position for king. But, in the end he dies by good people trying to stop him.


Aside is a literary device also used a lot in Macbeth. "They have tied me to a stake. I cannot fly, But bearlike I must fight the course. Whats he That was not born of a woman? Such a one Am I to fear, or none" (Shakespeare 175). This is a form of aside because it is showing the audience his thoughts. This is not said to any of the characters.


The literary device tragic hero is a big device used in this story it is basically what the whole story is about. "...his murderous plans" (Shakespeare 39). This is an example of tragic hero because he was supposed to be a nice honorable king in the end but he ended up killing a lot of people and being hated in the end. Which was not his plan. His flaw was ambition and power.

Macbeths downfall compared to White House Down

The movie White House Down is a good comparison to Macbeth and his downfall because Macbeth killed people for power. In the movie a member of the presidents cabinet makes plans with the leader of the Secret Service to kill people in the cabinet and start a world war three. The man used a computer hacker to launch missiles and he used ex military officers and wanted men to kill the president and the members to take his place. Just like in Macbeth when Macbeth used the three murderers to do some of his dirty work. They both also used this tactic of killing people to gain power. This link is a summary of the movie. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_House_Down