Endocarditis

Riley Brazeau

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What's Endocarditis all about?

Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of the heart
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Symptoms

  • Fever and Chills
  • New Heart Murmur
  • Fatigue
  • Aching Joints
  • Night Sweats
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Paleness
  • Persistent Cough
  • Swelling
  • Weight Loss
  • Blood in Urine
  • Tender Spleen
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What Causes Endocarditis?

Endocarditis generally occurs when bacteria or other germs spread through the blood stream and attaches to damaged areas in heart.

Other Causes

  • Dental Procedures
  • Everyday Oral Activities
  • Medical Condition
  • Catheter or Needle

Incidence

  • Uncommon in people with a healthy heart, but people with artificial heart valves, or other heart defects are more at risk
  • Most common in people of older age because of increasing heart issues because of age
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How can you Prevent Endocarditis?

Doctors can prescribe an antibiotic that is to be taken prior to different procedures where bacteria can enter the blood stream and cause infection
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Whats the Risk?

If left untreated it can damage or destroy your heart valves.

Endocarditis can lead to life threatening complications if you have

  • Artificial Heart Valves
  • Damaged Heart Valves
  • History of IV illegal drug use

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Treatment Options

  • Antibiotics
  • In extreme cases surgery may be required
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Ways to test for Endocarditis

  • Blood Tests
  • Transesophpgeal Echo-cardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Chest X-Ray
  • CT scan or MRI
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