Freudian Perspective

by: Amaya Cobb

Sigmund Freud

  • Born May 6, 1856 and died September 23, 1939.
  • He was an Austrian neurologist.
  • He lived in Vienna and Austria.
  • He was know as the "Father of Psychoanalysis". His work and theories helped shape our views on childhood, personality, sexuality, memory, and therapy.

Defense Mechanisms

  • Repression - puts anxiety-producing thoughts, feelings, and memories into the unconscious memory
*Example: 3 years after being hospitalized for back surgery, the person can remember only vague details about the event.


  • Denial - lets an anxious person reject to admit that something painful is happening.
*Example: A person that has lost a loved one still won't admit they're gone.


  • Regression - a reversion to immature behavior.
*Example: After a child parents' divorce, the child will not sleep alone.


  • Reaction Formation - replacing an unacceptable wish with its opposite.
*Example: A boss might give a employee who he is frustrated with a raise.


  • Projection - reducing anxiety by attributing something we don't like about ourselves.
*Example: Teens gossiping about one another shoes because they are better.


  • Rationalization - displaces real, anxiety-provoking explanations with more comforting justifications for one's actions. Reasoning away anxiety-producing thoughts.
*Example: A student stealing from a rich friend and saying to himself "Well, if he's so rich he can afford to 'lose' it".


  • Displacement - shifts of unacceptable impulse toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person.
*Example: A mother yells at a child for accidentally breaking a glass, she yelled because she is stressed from work.


  • Sublimation - substitute an undesirable motion or drive with a socially acceptable one.
*Example: A grad. student works on her thesis 14 hours a day while her husband is on an extended business trip.


  • Undoing - unconsciously neutralizing an anxiety causing action by doing a second action that undoes the first.
*Example: A husband beating his wife then buying her gifts later on.

Id, Ego, and Super Ego

  • Id - the part of the personality that consists of unconscious energy from basic aggressive and sexual drives. "I want"
  • Ego - the part of the personality that mediates the demands of the id without going against the restrains of the superego. "I will"
  • Super Ego -internalization of societys and parental moral standards. "I should"