by: Amaya Cobb
- Born May 6, 1856 and died September 23, 1939.
- He was an Austrian neurologist.
- He lived in Vienna and Austria.
- He was know as the "Father of Psychoanalysis". His work and theories helped shape our views on childhood, personality, sexuality, memory, and therapy.
- Repression - puts anxiety-producing thoughts, feelings, and memories into the unconscious memory
- Denial - lets an anxious person reject to admit that something painful is happening.
- Regression - a reversion to immature behavior.
- Reaction Formation - replacing an unacceptable wish with its opposite.
- Projection - reducing anxiety by attributing something we don't like about ourselves.
- Rationalization - displaces real, anxiety-provoking explanations with more comforting justifications for one's actions. Reasoning away anxiety-producing thoughts.
- Displacement - shifts of unacceptable impulse toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person.
- Sublimation - substitute an undesirable motion or drive with a socially acceptable one.
- Undoing - unconsciously neutralizing an anxiety causing action by doing a second action that undoes the first.
Id, Ego, and Super Ego
- Id - the part of the personality that consists of unconscious energy from basic aggressive and sexual drives. "I want"
- Ego - the part of the personality that mediates the demands of the id without going against the restrains of the superego. "I will"
- Super Ego -internalization of societys and parental moral standards. "I should"