Red Wolf (Canis Rufus)
What can you do to help?
This animal is currently a critically endangered species. They were common throughout the eastern and south-central US, but designated as an endangered species in 1967. There are an estimated 100 in their native habitats and about 200 held in captive breeding facilities. They were actually said to be extinct in 1980 because there were only about 20 of red wolves, but because they were held in captive breeding facilities, they mated to make a lot more red wolves.
- Primarily nocturnal
- Communicate by scent marking, vocalizations, facial expressions and body postures
- Hunt in groups
- Small and fast
- Coat is a cinnamon or tawny red with grey and black touches for camouflage
- Smaller than grey wolves
- Thinner coat
Historically red wolves ranged in the southeastern US. They ranged from Pennsylvania to Florida and as far west as Texas. Today they can be found in northeastern North Carolina.
Other threats to red wolves include other natural or human factors. This can include gunshot mortality and vehicular strikes on red wolves that can be serious to the species. Eastern coyotes are also a threat since they prey on the red wolves.
Current Conservation Efforts
Some treaties to the red wolf are as follows.
"Coordination with other federal agencies under Section 7 (interagency coordination) will assist in avoiding
and minimizing impacts from federal projects to the red wolf and could provide opportunities or activities that will contribute to the
conservation and recovery of the red wolf. In addition, through Section 6 funding, opportunities with the State may be utilized for
conservation efforts." (ecos.fws.gov).
"With a large portion of the NEP recovery area comprised of private lands, opportunities exist to utilize other ESA programs in the
conservation and recovery of red wolves. For example, a revision of the experimental designation under Section 4 could enhance the ability
of the recovery program to be more effective. Also, Section 10 permits could include scientific programs to promote recovery and could
also include HCPs for land acquisition to provide additional habitats." (ecos.fws.gov)