Neo- Classicism

Alyssa , Mariam , Spencer , Chris , Zach

Definition

Neo classicism is an artistic style that was born due to the rejection of the rococo and Baroque in the late 18th century. Neoclassicism is based on inspirations from the renaissance. It is also a movement that shaped people’s mind and thoughts of americans for 150 years. The artists that painted in this style wanted to portray serious concepts like like justice, honor, and patriotism.


Main ideas portrayed in neo classical art:

  • society is more more important than an individual
  • rules and order
  • tradition

The elements of this art style include:

  • Precise brush work
  • ordered and balanced forms
  • heroic nudity in both sculpture or painting

Artist

- Benjamin West: the death of General Wolfe (1770)

- Anton Raphael Mengs: the penitent Mary Magdalene (1752)

- Jaques- Louis David: the oth of the Horatii (1784)

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Connection to revolutionary literature

Neoclassicism was a revived interest in classical forms and ideas that saturated European, French and American intellectual thought, literature, fine arts and politics during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. During the late eighteenth century, both in Europe and the United States used classicism was used authoritative in letters, design, and politics. Only years later, neoclassicism was not only used by the wealthy. But was being used by almost everyone, no matter what social class you belonged to.

Characteristics

Neoclassical works were serious, unemotional, and sternly heroic.

Neoclassical painters illustrated subjects from classical literature and history, as used in earlier Greek art and republican roman art, using sombre(dark or dull in color or tone) colors with occasional brilliant highlights.