Russian Revolution

Rise of Authoritarian State - Stalin


The Russian Revolution of 1917 was made up of two revolutions, the first one being in February, where they overthrew the imperial government, and the second one in October, where they placed both the Bolsheviks in power. The people of Russia had lost their faith in their leader Czar Nicholas II as soon as he began to dissolve the Duma, a state assembly, and soon there was government conflict and the Russian economy remained backwards. This is how the revolution began to start, though, the true trigger to the February revolution was by the Russian's disastrous involvement in WWI. According to, "Militarily, imperial Russia was no match for industrialized Germany, and Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any nation in any previous war". However, after this the country's economy had been falling apart and moderates joined the Russians in radical elements into the overthrow of Czar.

What happened between the two revolutions?

February Revolution - 1917

The February revolution actually began on March 8, but since the Russians used the Julian calendar (until February 1918), the date to them was set on February 23. Industrial workers and several others began to protest and refused to leave the streets, on March 10 the number of protesters grew and the strike spread throughout to the workers of Petrograd. On March 11, troops were called to calm the uprising, at some points they were forced to open fire, killing several people, but even so, protesters still continued walking the streets. Czar Nicholas II had once again, dissolved the Duma. In the end, the Imperial government was forced to resign and the Duma decided to form a provisional government that peacefully fought for the control of the revolution. On March 15 Czar Nicholas II gave up the throne in favor of his brother.

Bolshevik Revolution - 1917

After the February revolution, the power was shared between the provisional government and the Petrograd soviet. Then, on November 6 and 7 (October 24 and 25) revolutionaries led by Bolshevik party leader Vladimir Lenin "launched a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government" (, 2015). The Bolsheviks took over governmental buildings and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head. With Lenin, Russia made peace with the country of Germany, nationalized industry, and distributed land.


"Russian Revolution." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2015. <>.

This source is from, a website that carries many articles about different historical events.

"Duma | Russian Assembly." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2015. <>.

This site was also helpful, a little harder to look for certain information but still gave important detail about the revolution.

"CK-12 Foundation." The Russian Revolution of 1917. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2015. <>.

This site had a lot of information and detail written in it, it came quite useful but was a little too overwhelming with the information.