Down Syndrome

By: Billy Mercer and Kolton Hemmingson

Down Syndrome is a birth defect that occurs in 1 out of 691 babies. Babies who are born with Down Syndrome can live normal life.

Symptoms of Down Syndrome

body features

  • Short body
  • Low muscle tone
  • Short wide neck
  • Short stocky arms and legs

facial features
  • Slanted eyes
  • Small ears
  • Crooked teeth
  • Pushed in nasal bridge

health issues
  • heart defects
  • hypothyroidism
  • respiratory infections
  • behavior problems

Causes of Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is caused by abnormal cell division in early embryo development. They have an extra chromosome 21. Chromosome 21 is copied 3 times instead of only 2 times.

Treatments for Down Syndrome

  • There is no cure for Down Syndrome.
  • They go to physical therapy to strengthen their muscles.
  • How regular vision and hearing tests.
  • Have regular medical check ups
  • Get their thyroid tested regularly.
  • Get immunizations.

How many people have Down Syndrome

  • About 400,000 people have Down Syndrome in the U.S.
  • 1 in 691 babies are born with Down Syndrome in the U.S.
  • 6000 babies are born per year with Down Syndrome.

How Down Syndrome is diagnosed

  • Babies can be screened during pregnancy or after birth
  • Prenatal screening includes prenatal screening test and prenatal diagnostic test
  • After birth doctors can perform a blood test

Facts about Down Syndrome

  • Chances of having a baby with Down Syndrome increases as a woman gets older.
  • Down Syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition.
  • Life expectancy for people with Down Syndrome has increased from 25 years old in 1983 to 60 year old.