Between Space Race and The Cold War
What are they?
At the end of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union began a decades-long battle for political, military, and technological superiority. In the absence of any real fighting, space exploration provided a focus for the competition between the two superpowers. From the 1950s to the 1970s the United States and the Soviet Union raced to conquer space, also known as the Space Race
SPUTNIKWhen the artificial satellite, Sputnik launched, it scared many U.S. citizens. Before this, was the arms race, and when this satellite got launched it reminded people of that. The U.S. government thought that if they could send a satellite into space, than they could send missiles to attack the U.S.
In the late 50's and early 60's, the Soviet Union were sent many spacecrafts into space, few of them orbiting the Earth. Later they had the first human to ever orbit the Earth in history. This made the U.S. technology and intelligence look weaker than the Soviets, who have done plenty in Space. This also made some people think that the Soviet Union won the Space Race, which also meant winning the Cold War which was heavily influenced by the Space Race.
In late 1960's we had numerous attempts on landing a man on the moon, which Kennedy promised would happen before he died. On Apollo II, we successfully got a man on the moon before the Soviets. This made the United States effectively "win" the Space Race. The Soviets made four failed attempts on doing a lunar landing craft.