The Ups and Downs of the Gilded Age

Alex Boe

The Ups: Samuel F.B. Morse





Samuel F.B. Morse created the Morse Code, a system widely used in the U.S Military for many years. Morse Code was a secret code using dots and dashes in replace of letters. It helped pilots, naval commanders, and others receive and relay their instructions secretly, without being overheard by the enemy. The Morse Code was created in 1836, and was first used in 1844.
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The Downs: The Haymarket Riot

During the Gilded Age, immigrants from all over flocked to America... and were treated horribly. Workers got low pay and worked 60 hour weeks. Those who went on strike got limited results. In May, 1886, Chicago, Illinois, an organization called the Knights of Labor protested against McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. McCormick's closed their gates and hired strike breakers to solve the problem. May 3, a man died as a result of the McCormick protests. The next day, the Knights of Labor gathered in Haymarket Square to protest police brutality. Police came to break up the peaceful meeting, and a powerful bomb was thrown in the air. Police then shot into the panicked crowd. Among the 11 dead, 7 were policemen cut down by their comrades' bullets.
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The Ups: J. P. Morgan

J. Pierpont Morgan was born in 1837, into a world of fast moving advances in industry and astonishing shifts in political power. During the Gilded Age, many were poor, but Morgan was the opposite. As the most successful banker in the 1800s, Morgan helped finance U.S Steel, General Electric, and he also had a hand in the making of the transcontinental railroad. He died a successful man in 1913, among his beloved art collection.
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The Downs: Where are the Native Americans?

http://www.indians.org/articles/native-american-indians.html

In 1869, the last spike was pounded into the ground, completing the Transcontinental Railroad. For many Americans, this was cause for great celebration, but for many of the Plains Indians, it was the toll of doom. A railroad spanning across the country meant that whites could kill as many buffalo as they wanted, and steal as much land from the Indians as they pleased. This, as you might assume, made many Native Americans furious. Many tribes including Sioux and the Cheyenne fought back, raiding trains, twisting tracks, and killing white settlers, to no avail. The time of the Great Plains Indians seemed to be coming to an end, stamped out by the terrible determination of the rising 1800's economy.

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