Meerkat

Suricata Suricatta

General Discription


  • Length on average 24 to 29 centimeters long.
  • Weight Average mass for a meerkat is 720-731 g
  • Diet Meerkats have a large diet and have a big variety of food including insects, spiders, snails, rodents, birds, other animal eggs, lizards, and scorpions. Meerkats usually dig to get their food because most of it is small and underground.
  • Predators Unfortunately they are prey to larger carnivores like jackals, eagles, and falcons. Meerkats have a method while other meerkats are hunting a few keep watch so the others can hunt without and worry.
  • Color The average color for meerkats are gray, tan and brown. Gray, tan and brown are the colors of meerkats surroundings so its good for disguise.
  • Habitat Meerkats are found in desert areas. They dig burrows in the ground as homes.
  • Natural Range Meerkats live in the southern area of Africa, Botswana,Zimbabwe and Mozambique. (all land marks in Africa.)

Physical Adaptions

Meerkats are brown, tan or gray all the way from the head to the tail but have black circles around their eyes, this helps it blend into its surroundings so predators don't see them while they are hunting. Their front limbs were made strong and muscular, made for digging and getting insects from underground. Their ears are small and rounded and can hear a lot better than humans, it is good to hear if there are predators around. Their eyesight is amazing, because they have large eye sockets that gives them an advantage to see movement and see prey's silhouette.

Behavioral Adaptions

Meerkats are usually known for standing on their hind legs, the to that because they love the sun, also it balances out their body temperature. Meerkats have a large list of ways to communicate like grunts of happiness and barks when scared they use this to communicate with eachother incase there is a pretitor they need to warn the others. When another gang of meerkats come into anothers terriotory they stick their tails in the air and come bouning at the other gang jumping and bouncing up and down this is because they are territorial. Meerkats hunt in groups to have a higher risk of surviving! Some Meerkats will sit and take watch while the others get food this helps so they know when a predator is coming and the hunters dont have to worry.

Classification

Kingdom Animalia


  • The bodies of animals in Animalia (except for sponges) are made of cells organized into tissues. there is around 9 or 10 million species. Most animals are capable of complex movement, compared to other other organisms.



Phylum Chordata


  • Animals in the Phylum Chordates are organisms that has a structure called the notochord. The notochord is a bone that goes though most of the body when fully developed. Most animals have 3 germ layers and a well-developed coelom. The Coelom is between the intestines and body wall.


SubPhylum Vertebrata



  • The animals in this Subphylum have a chain of bony elements that form the main skeletal support axis of the body. Vertebrates include types of fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals. animals in this group are able to produce hair, scales, feathers, glands, horn, (ect.)



Class Mammalia


  • All mammals have hair at some part in their life. Their colors almost always are the color of their surroundings. Mammals teeth replace once once though out their life just like how kids lose their teeth, we usually call them our "baby teeth."



Order Carnivora


  • Animals in order Carnivora tend to be medium sized, but there is a range of body sizes as a group. Many of the animals have different colors and patterns to match their surroundings, like green for the rain forest, or striped for the savanna.



Family Herpestidea


  • Most animals in this family are brown or gray and few are striped. They also do not have the capability to retract their claws. The skull of these animals are mostly flat and long.


Genus Suracata

  • Only Meerkats


Species Suricatta

  • Suracata Suricatta

Big image

Meerkat Natural Range

Referances

Burton, M. (2002). Meerkat. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 12, pp. 1595-1597). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.


Fuehrer, T. (n.d.). Suricata suricatta. Retrieved March 11, 2014, from Animal Diversity Web website: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Suricata_suricatta/


Geographic, N. (n.d.). Meerkat. Retrieved March 25, 2015, from National Geographic website: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/meerkat/


Unknown. (2008). Meerkat. Retrieved October, 2014, from BBC website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Meerkat


Zoo, S. D. (n.d.). Meerkat. Retrieved from San Diego Zoo animals website: http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/meerkat