World Religions

By Rachel Crutchfield

Christianity

Christianity is a monotheistic religion, believing in one God. Christians believe that God created all that is seen and unseen.Jesus is the son of God and is one with God. Jesus was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. Jesus suffered and was crucified. Jesus will return to judge the living and the dead. People who repent their sins will be forgiven. Anyone can have salvation. The book of this religion is the Holy Bible, holding prophecies, promises, stories, and parables. There are two major holidays in this religion, Christmas and Easter. Christmas is said to be the day that Jesus was conceived and Easter is said to be the day that Jesus was resurrected from the dead and brought back to earth. One of the main rituals of this religion is to pray to their living God and to attend a church service. Nearly all Christians will have been baptized, either as an infant or as an adult, and regularly participate in communion (also called the Lord's Supper and the Eucharist).



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Bible In a Minute

Judaism

Judaism (monotheistic) is a tradition grounded in the religious, ethical, and social laws as they are articulated in the Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Jews refer to the Bible as the Tanakh, an acronym for the texts of the Torah, Prophets, and Writings. Other sacred texts include the Talmud and Midrash, the rabbinic, legal, and narrative interpretations of the Torah.One of the major holidays is Yom Kipper, its a day of repentance for the Jews.


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Hinduism

The core of Hinduism is to srtive for moral order and right action; and they promote tolerance. Rituals include putting pictures of thier gods in their homes, meditation, ect. The main holiday is Diwali, a hindu festival of lights, held in the period October to November. It is particularly associated with Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity, and marks the beginning of the fiscal year in India. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion with their book being the Veda.


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Buddhism

Buddhism (polytheistic) goes beyond religion and is more of a philosophy or 'way of life'. Buddhists sometimes pay respect to images of the Buddha, not in worship, nor to ask for favors. A statue of the Buddha with hands rested gently in its lap and a compassionate smile reminds us to strive to develop peace and love within ourselves. Bowing to the statue is an expression of gratitude for the teaching. The Four Noble Truths comprise the essence of Buddha's teachings, though they leave much left unexplained. They are the truth of suffering, the truth of the cause of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering, and the truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering.

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Islam

Islam is based on the ministry of a man named Muhammad (peace be upon him), and on the words that Allah gave to the world through Muhammad. The basic belief of Islam is that there is only one God(monotheistic) , whose name in the Arabic language is Allah, and who is the sole and sovereign ruler of the universe. The Muslim scripture is the Holy Qur'an. The Muslim building for communal worship is called a mosque. Dhu Al-Hijja is the month of pilgrimage during which all Muslims, at least once in their life, should try to make the pilgrimage to Mecca.

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