What is Diabetes??

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat gets turned into glucose or sugar for us to use as energy. The pancreas is an organ that is near our stomachs. It makes a hormone called insulin. When you have diabetes there is either not enough insulin being made or the insulin isn't being used correctly. Diabetes is a non- infectious disease.

Signs and Symptoms

A few symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes, and very dry skin.

The Maker of the Diabetes flyer

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes was originally called insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile- onset diabetes. It is accounted for about 5% of all diagnosed diabetes. This type of diabetes is thought to be caused by an "environmental trigger," such as an unidentified virus, stimulating an immune attack against the beta cells of the pancreas in some genetically predisposed people.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes was originally called non- insulin- dependent diabetes metillus (NIDDM) or adult- onset diabetes. It is accounted for about 90% to 95% of diagnosed diabetes. Risk factors of type 2 are older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ ethnicity.

Treatment and Prevention

Eating healthy, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies for type 1. The same goes for type 2 but instead of the insulin injections, you do glucose testings. Also for type 2 oral medication, insulin, or both might be required. Insulin must be taken with food and daily activities.