Chapter 12 Section 4

Deonique Cooke & Myron Williams!

Geography sets Japan Apart

  • Japan is located on a(n) archipelago or chain of islands.
  • The Inland sea offered the Japanese many food sources such as fish.
  • The Japanese came to fear and respect the dramatic forces of nature, such as tsunamis or killer tidal waves.
  • Japan lies in a region known as " The Ring of Fire", which is made up of a chain of volcanoes.

Early Traditions

  • Early Japanese society was divided into uji or clans.
  • By about A.D. 500 , the Yamato clan came to dominate a corner of Honshu, the largest Japanese island.
  • Early Japanese clans honored kami or superior powers that were natural and divine.
  • The worship of the forces of nature became known as " Shinto", meaning " the way of kami."

Japan looks to China

  • In the early 600's, Prince Shotoku of the Yamato clan decided to learn about china directly instead of through Korean sources.
  • Each visitor to China spent a year or more there.
  • Japanese rulers adopted the title " Heavenly Ruler", The strengthened the central government , set up bureaucracy , and adopted a law code similar to that of China.
  • The Japanese kept some Chinese ways but discarded and/or modified others. This process was know as selective borrowing.

The Heian Period

  • The blending of cultures took place during 794 to 1185.
  • During this time period , the imperial capital was in Heian or present day Kyoto.
  • Noblewomen and Noblemen lived in a fairy-tale atmosphere that consisted of beautiful pavilions, gardens, and lotus pools.
  • The best-known Heian writer was Muraski Shikibu, Her work consisted of: The tale of Genji.

Warriors Establish Fuedalism

  • Feudal warfare swept Japan in the 1400's.
  • Minamoto Yoritomo was appointed shogun in 1192.
  • The first three military dynasties would rule for almost 700 years.
  • Land was granted to lesser warriors or samuari's.
  • The developed their own code of values known as bushido.

The Tokugawas Unite Japan

  • The Kamakura shogunate crumbled in the aftermath of the mongol invasion.
  • The Tokugawa were determined to end Feudal warfare.
  • The Tokugawa created a unified, orderly society.
  • Trade flourished in Japan.