a small blockage in a blood vessel of the brain, which causes oxygen starvation to that part. This oxygen starvation can cause a loss of function, related to the area of the brain affected.

Two Types

  1. CVA (Cerebro-vascular Accident - sometimes called just a stroke or major stroke)
  2. TIA (Transient Ischaemic Attack - sometimes called a mini-stroke).

Conscious Victim- Call 9-1-1 Reassure and comfort the victim , Encourage and facilitate the victim to move in to a position of comfort if possible. If they have significant paralysis, they may be unable to move themselves, so you should make them as comfortable as possible where they are. If possible, incline them to the unaffected side (if there is one), as this will help you relieve some symptoms such as a feeling of floating. Monitor ABC's. Do not give victim anything to eat or drink

Unconscious Victim-Call 9-1-1 .Assess the victim's ABCs and give care for life-threatening conditions. Assist the victim into the recovery position to allow fluids to drain from the mouth. Monitor breathing and changes in condition.

Recognition Signs

  • Facial Weakness - Can the person smile correctly? Observe if one side of the face droops.
  • Arm Weakness- Can the person raise both arms and hold them parallel without one drifting? If they squeeze your hands can they exert equal force?
  • Speech problems - Can the person speak clearly and repeat a simple sentence correctly?
  • Time -Time is critical. Call the local emergency medical services phone number or take the patient to the hospital immediately.