THE COLD WAR TIMELINE

FARRELL PLAVIN

1946

IRON CURTAIN SPEECH

March 1946, Churchill no longer prime minister of Britain, delivered a speech towards the Soviet Union.


1947

THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE

The Truman Doctrine was a policy statement issued in March 12th 1947 by president Truman. President Truman promised military and economic support to countries to prevent them from becoming communist.


1948 - 1949

THE BERLIN BLOCKADE AND THE BERLIN AIRLIFT

The Berlin Blockade in 1948 Stalin tried to starve the people of West Britain into submission. He failed. The Western allies kept West Berlin suppled through a massive airlift.


NATO RATIFIED

NATO was officially established on April 4, 1949 with the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty. The Western European powers relied on the massive nuclear arsenal of the United States to deter a Soviet ground invasion.


1958

FIDEL CASTRO

In 1958 Batista was overthrown by resistance fighters under a man called Fidel Castro. Relations between Cuba and the USA became very bad as Castro took lands and factories from under US companies and brought them under Cuban control.


1962

CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness ever and Soviet field commanders in Cuba were prepared to use battlefield nuclear weapons to defend the island if it was invaded. Luckily, thanks to the bravery of two men, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev, war was averted.


1963

John F. Kennedy Assassinated

Crowds of excited people lined the streets and waved to the Kennedys. The car turned off Main Street at Dealey Plaza around 12:30 p.m. As it was passing the Texas School Book Depository, gunfire suddenly reverberated in the plaza.

Bullets struck the president's neck and head and he slumped over toward Mrs. Kennedy.


1989

Berlin Wall Falls

November 1989 , People who heard the broadcast were shocked. They went to the border to see if it was true. The border guards, who had no explicit instructions as to what to do, let them through. As the news spread on both sides of the Wall, huge numbers of people flocked to the Berlin Wall and celebrated.


1990

GERMANY REUNITED

October 3rd the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city.


1991

COLD WAR ENDS

The fall of the Berlin Wall. The shredding of the Iron Curtain. The end of the Cold War.