By Josie Settembrino


  • Airborne allergens: pollen, animal dander, mold, cockroaches, and dust mites
  • Respiratory infections: common cold
  • Physical activity: exercise-induced asthma
  • Cold air
  • Air pollutants and irritants: smoke
  • Certain medications: beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen
  • Strong emotions and stress
  • Sulfites and preservatives added into some foods and drinks: shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer, and wine
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Smoking does NOT cause asthma, it just provokes the symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing or whistling when exhaling

Signs that asthma is worsening-

  • Symptoms become more frequent
  • Need to use inhaler more often
  • Increasing difficulty breathing

Pictures About Asthma

Treatments & Cures

  • Antileukotrienes and leukotriene modifiers
  • Cromolyn sodium and nedocromil
  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Methylxanthines
  • Oral corticosteroids
  • Immunomodulators

5 Facts

  • The are over 3 million cases of asthma in the US per year
  • 456,000 hospitalizations and 1.75 million ER visits are caused by asthma
  • There are almost 4,000 deaths per year due to asthma
  • Extremely dry, wet, or windy weather can trigger asthma symptoms
  • One of the most effective asthma medications is inhaled corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory medications)