Tattoo Smore

Aaron Bailey, Chase Tilton, Shaleea Brooks & Caylee Addison

What is a tattoo?

Tattoos are permanent markings in the skin, usually made by way of ink and needles. Once ink is deposited into the dermis, the second layer of the skin, the wound scabs over and the skin heals to expose a design under the new layer of skin.

Detail process of tattooing

1. Tattoo artist starts by cleaning your skin with antibacterial soap also preparing an area much larger than the one being tattooed (reassuring no cross-contamination).
2. Before the stencil is applied, your tattoo artist will shave the area where the tattoo will be applied.
3. The next step is applying the tattoo stencil or drawing a custom tattoo design onto your body directly with a sharpie
4. Let the stencil dry so that it won't wipe away during the tattoo process. The tattoo artist will also use this time to set up tattoo machines.
5. By the time it is dry, the ink will be poured, the water is ready and you will be ready to get your tattoo.


Effects on each layer of skin involved in tattoo

  • Insertion of pigment into the skins dermis.
  • Dermis is the layer of dermal tissue just beneath the epidermis
  • Pigment is spread throughout a homogenized layer down to the epidermis, then to the upper dermis.
  • Activates immune system
  • Phagocytes swallow up pigment particles
  • Damaged epidermis flakes away- eliminates surface pigment
  • Granulation tissue is created- later converted to connective tissue by the growth of collagen
  • This heals the upper dermis pigment remains trapped inside fibroblasts
  • Absorbed into layer just below the dermis/ epidermis boundary.
  • In long term, pigment sinks deeper into the dermis which is the reason for damaged detailed tattoos

Potential health risks assosiated with tattooing

Tattoos breach the skin, which means that skin infections and other complications are possible like the following.
  • Allergic reactions
  • Skin infections
  • Other skin problems
  • Bloodborne diseases
  • MRI complications


Potential future aesthetic consequences associated with tattooing

Remember. Tattoos are permanent! Even though you will end up with a beautiful piece of artwork, you will be stuck with that tattoo for the rest of your life. Tattoo removal is very expensive and hard to accomplish. Also fading of the tattoo is a potential risk. Make sure if you are getting a tattoo, to get it at a proper tattoo parlor. This way you know it will be clean and will be preformed correctly.