Conserving A Key Resource

by Jake Morrison, Parris Volgyi, Kevin Han, Lindsey Fan

How do we Use Water?

In the United States, people every day, wake up to waste hundreds of gallons of water. Even though we think that humans don't waste water as much, daily chores and necessities take up more water than we thought so. An average American family can use up to 300 gallons of water each day! About 70% of the 300 gallons are used indoors and 30% are used outdoors. According to, California used about 38 billion gallons of water in 2010. For daily water uses, the average human wastes an average of 10 gallons for one five-minute shower and 20 for a power-nozzle five-minute shower. Even brushing you teeth with the faucet running, takes up 2 gallons per minute and the average human uses over 100 gallons of water a day! Yes, we might think that using the amount of water we use daily is okay, but in reality, we waste hundreds of gallons, which leads to high water taxes, and less water to start a drought.

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How to Conserve Water?

Did you know that tiny actions can save gallons of water? Take short showers instead of taking baths and you can save about 70 gallons of water per day! When you are doing the dishes, turn off the water while scrubbing. You can fill one bowl with wash water and one with rinse water. If you shorten your shower by a couple minutes, you can be saving up to 150 gallons per month! When you wash your hands, make sure to turn off the water when you lather/brush your teeth. If you take under 5 minutes to take a shower per month, you can save about 1,000 gallons! Keep all of the water in the pool while you are playing. If you see a leak, get someone to patch it up as soon as possible so that you don't waste the water. Turn off the water while you wash your hair. Wash your pets outside over your lawn, because your lawn might need the water.

Where is Water Distributed

  • Out of all the global water, 97% are oceans, and .9% is the amount of other salt water, making about 98% all the salt water.

  • There is only 3% freshwater in the world.

  • Of all this freshwater, 75% is trapped in ice, 25% is groundwater, and 1% is surface water.

  • Of all the surface water and freshwater, 75% is in ice, 1% in lakes and rivers, 2.6% is in wetlands, .26% is in animals, and 3% is in the air.
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