Hispanic Heritage Month 2022
About National Hispanic Heritage Month
Why does it start on September 15? The date represents the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries - El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. In addition, the independence day of Mexico and Chile are on September 16 and September 18, respectively. Belize's Independence Day is on September 21.
The Meanings Behind The Terms
A Latino/a person refers to someones who is from Latin America which includes Brazil but not Spain. Latinx is a gender neutral term for a Latino/a. Latin America encompasses North America (Mexico), Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
A Chicano/a person refers to a self-identified Mexican or Mexican American living in the United States. Prior to the 1960s Civil Rights Chicano Movement, Chicano was used as a derogatory name. Afterwards, parts of the population have reclaimed the name to identify themselves as part of the Latinx Mexican U.S. community. Chicanx is a gender neutral term for Chicano/a.
Self-identify. Some Spanish speakers may not identify with any of the terms above because they might self-identify (e.g. Mexican American, Ecuadorian). The best practice is to ask the person what his/her/their ethnicity (cultural heritage) is. Be open to being corrected and informed.
Hispanic Heritage Month is an opportunity to bring Hispanic and Latinx literature into the classroom, providing a setting to teach students about this diverse and rich culture. Books by Hispanic/Latinx authors help young people explore matters of identity, immigration, historical events, arts, cultural uniqueness, pre-Colombian civilizations, biodiversity, etc. They empower students and reinforce their identity.
In this Newbery Medal Award book, Medina writes about a sixth grader's coming-of-age story.
A Whole New World
Allende was the world’s first widely read Latina author.
She was the first woman to be awarded the Gabriela Mistral Order of Merit, a Chilean distinction given to national and foreign personalities who provide outstanding contribution for the benefit of education, culture, and advancement of teaching.
She was honored by President Obama with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2014.
This Chilean woman, born in Peru, was a feminist before she knew what the word meant.
Technology Executive and former CEO of the Girl Scouts of the USA. View her interview where she talks about growing up bilingual, bicultural in Las Cruces, New Mexico and her work as a rocket scientist.
Gabriel García Márquez (1927-2014)
- Márquez was a Colombian journalist turned author.
- He created the genre, magical realism or storytelling with layered fantasy, in his book, "Cien año de soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude)."
- "Cien año de soledad" brought him international fame. It also earned him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982. He became the first Colombian and fourth Latin American to win the Nobel.
- His magical realism influences can be viewed in Disney's movie, "Encanto."
- Click here for a short biographical video.
Resources for Educators
- ¡Colorín colorado!
Bilingual site for educators and families
- Celebrate National Hispanic Heritage Month
Learning for Justice provides a few "resources for honoring, learning, and teaching about Hispanic heritage."
- Hispanic Heritage Month - September 2022
A brief visual timeline
Tips and Resources for Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month
Another perspective for understanding that 'Hispanic' culture is not a monolith
Hub of Resources
Resources for elementary, middle, and high school level
National Hispanic Heritage Month
Selection of exhibits and collections
Resources for Hispanic Heritage Month
Lists of websites by topics
The Arts Blog provides information on some Hispanic and Latino composers
- Cuban Music
Online Cuban music with 5 biographies of artists
- Mariachi Music Online
Online Mariachi music with 5 biographies of artists
Resources for Latino Organizations and Institutions
Latino Economic Development Center (LEDC) - An association of Latino entrepreneurs and leaders in the state of Minnesota. Their members’ drive, passion, and know-how have helped create a burgeoning Latino business community that serves as the foundation for good quality of life.
LatinoLEAD - LatinoLEAD is a network of leaders working together to empower the Latinx community in Minnesota. We invest in individual development to strengthen our collective power — advancing our influence, growing our impact, and building coalitions for positive change.
UnidosUS - UnidosUS is the nation’s largest Latino civil rights and advocacy organization. Since their founding in 1968, they have contributed to a stronger America by elevating the voice of Latinos, and defending and advancing the community’s concerns.
- Biography: Sonia Sotomayor and 9 Other Latina Pioneers of the 19th, 20th and 21st Centuries
- Census: Hispanic Heritage Month Fun Facts
- ¡Colorín colorado!: Hispanic Heritage Month
- Seton Hall Univerisity: Garafulich-Grabois Receives the Grade of Dame of the Order of Merit Gabriela Mistral
- Hispanic Outlook on Education Magazine: Hispanic Heritage Month Celebrating Today's America
- History: Latino, Hispanic, Latinx, Chicano: The History Behind the Terms
- History: Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos)
- Isabel Allende: Timeline
- Kidskonnect: Gabriel Garcia Marquez Facts & Worksheets
- Kids National Geographic: Day of the Dead
- San Diego County Office of Education: Guide to Observing Hispanic Heritage Month
- Smithsonian: Top 8 Reasons Why and How We Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month
- Southern Explorations: The Legacy of Gabriela Mistral
- The Library of Congress: About National Hispanic Heritage Month
- The Nobel Prize: Gabriel García Márquez Biographical
Department of Equity and Inclusion
Location: 3455 153rd Street West, Rosemount, MN, USA
Phone: (952) 423-7700