The 1960s

Troy Muenzenberger

Vietnam

Vietnam started in 1959 and ended April 30, 1975. The United States fought in this war to try to stop the spread of Communism. It was a war between North and South Korea with U.S intervention on South Korea's behalf. The United States suffered 361,864 casualties during the war. The United States left Korea because of public tensions, and South Korea ended up loosing the war


Key leaders

Key Laws Passed

During the 1960s there were a few major laws passed that effected minorities and the executive branch


-Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited the discrimination of other based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin

-24th Amendment worked to stop discrimination in federal elections

-25th Amendment helped to solve possible succession issues in the presidency

- Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave enough presidential power to send troops immediately to Vietnam without congressional approval

Supreme Court Decisions

In the 1960s two major cases appeared that dealt with the right of searching ones property and the stop and frisk law. In Mapp vs. Ohio Dolley Mapps house was searched without proof of a warrant which led to the discovery of illegal items resulting in jail time. In Terry vs. Ohio a police officer stopped two men on the street because he believed they had weapons on them. The officer found that they did have hidden firearms and it was ruled that this act did not infringe upon rights because he had a reasonable suspicion.


Space

The 1960s revolved upon the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union. These two countries both participated in a space race to show their superiority to one another. The Soviets launched Sputnik in 1957, and later sent Yuri Gagarin to orbit around the earth. The United States finally countered the Soviet Union by sending three men onto the moon and place the American flag on the moon. After this there would be a few more advances, but nothing major for either side.


Entertainment and the Famous

Famous music artists included Elvis Presley, The Beatles, Dean Martin, Sonny and Cher, The Rolling Stones, and Frank Sinatra. These artists provided a very immense selection of music which showed how the times were changing, and how diverse American Society was becoming.

John McCain served in Vietnam and would earn multiple medals and awards for his brave service and sacrifice after he was captured by Vietnamese and refused to be used a form of propaganda against the United States. Marilyn Monroe was an actress who was very popular during the time and can be seen in many big films. Also, Martin Luther King Jr. presented his "I have a dream" Speech which would help present the African American racial discrimination case to the American public and the world. Martin was assassinated, yet his dream lived on in many and his effort helped to bring more equal rights to African Americans