This map shows Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan, Lake Superior, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie. It also shows the Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic oceans. Lastly, it shows the St. Lawrence River, which is very important in Canada. The Territories are the Yukon, Northwest, and Nunavut territories. So are Alberta, Ontario,Manitoba, British Columbia, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. Also, it includes, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia. Last but not least. This map includes the Canadian Shield, Hudson Bay, and the Rocky Mountains. (Sorry my map isn't that neat, or big, which I couldn't find out how to do)
Canada is a country that has many factories, and lots of wildlife. What those factories can do to the wildlife has ruined the environment. Problems like acid rain, over extraction, pollution of the Great Lakes, and even the timber industry can play a part in Canada's problems. Lats start with acid rain, Acid Rain is when cars, trucks, and factories release poisonous gases in the air. These gases will then collect in clouds, and will rain down in liquid, killing, damaging, and polluting things. The Great Lakes play a big part in this because acid rain can fall into it, causing mass killing of fish and other organisms that live in it.Over Extraction is also a big problem. The Canadian Shield is located around the Hudson Bay and has many valuable deposits in it. We use heavy machinery that blasts out the rock, which pollutes the air, and causes Acid Rain, which destroys the environment around it (Talk about Cause and Effect.)Lastly, there is the timber industry. The industry is very important in Canada, for it it the leading producer of timber. To get timber, you cut down trees, cutting down trees obliterates forests. It causes erosion,destroys animal habitats, and creates poor water quality. Luckily things are being done to prevent all these issues.
Quebec's Independence Movement
Quebec is a province located in Eastern Canada, It consists of many cities and factories. But, before any of the industrialization processes began, you had to gain your independence. Early on, the French came to Canada in 1608 where Samuel de Champlain set up the first French settlement. Soon it grew and the French began a fur-trading system. The British found out and wanted to be a part of the fur -trading. This led to the French and Indian War, the British, french, and native tribes fought against each other. In the end the British won and they divided Canada in two. Upper Canada was for the British, and Lower Canada was for the French. The Native Americans were moved to reservations. The French had their customs like being catholic. Some French wanted a separate Canada, and became known as Quebecois. Then the lifestyle changed people stopped going to Catholic churches, English was now spoken more, and the French traditions were ruined altogether. so the French rebelled, and became Separatists in fear their culture might disappear forever. (look at chart below)
Seperatist pros and Cons
Pros for being a Seperatist
-Be treated like an equal to british
-Protect French language and Culture
-protect French Canadian culture for future generations
Cons for being a Seperatist
- resulted in economic disaster for Quebec
- ruined the national unity and pride
Quebec Independence Movement
The people of Quebec wanted to secede, 49.4 wanted to secede, and 50.6 decided not to. The government eventually decided for Quebec to NOT secede from Canada. Quebec has lots of natural resources, access to many waterways, and it is a HUGE economic help to Canada. In order to keep the separatists happy, laws were passed for them. 1) The Constitution Act made Canada bilingual. Today, Quebec's official language is French. Advertisements can have English in them, but it must be written in a smaller font. Many people like these changes, but there are still some that want to separate.