Canada's Defining Moments

Canada's Past To Present

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Canada's involvement in history has made its fair share of defining moments; by facing many challenges whilst being rewarded by great victory. Fortunately from this, we are all able to learn about the past and still be praised for our heros today. Our involvement has built Canada and we are still being positively affected by the events. Canada has shown courage and strength through the hardest times, even in loss we are taught that giving up was not an option.

The Royal Canadian Air Force (WWII)

The Royal Canadian Air Force played a key role in Allied victory. By doing so it had become a defining moment in Canadian history, as Canada now has one of the world's largest air force. This is because between 1939 and 1945, the Air Force enlisted 232,000 men and 17,000 women and operated 86 squadrons, including 47 overseas. Canadians flew bomber, fighter , transport, and other missions around the world. Tens of thousands of Canadian air crew also served with Britain’s Royal Air Force and Canadian fighter aircraft participated in the Battle of Britain in 1940. For the rest of the war, Canadian fighter-bombers attacked coastal areas in German-occupied Europe while Canadian heavy bombers struck at targets much further inland. In addition, Canadian maritime patrol bombers based in Canada, Newfoundland, Iceland and Britain fought German submarines. By 1945, the R.C.A.F. had grown to be the world’s fourth- largest air force

Artifacts From The Air Force (1920-1950)

Recruitment To Air Force Vintage Advertisements

WWII RCAF Survivor Story

JT WWII RCAF Hawker Typhoon Pilot

1920’s women’s right leauge

The Dominion Elections Act recognized that every eligible Canadian over 21, male or female, can vote in federal elections. In addition, The first federal election in which women were eligible to vote and hold office was held held in 1921. By being so it is not difficult to understand how this would be a defining moment in canadian history, as women were never allowed to join such political inquiry in Canada before. Just four women candidates had run and only Agnes MacPhail won as an independent from Ontario. She served for 19 years. During the time she was in the House of Commons, she was joined by only one other woman, Martha Black from the Yukon. Furthermore, Nellie McClung was elected as a Liberal member in the Alberta Legislature the same year and was followed by Mary Ellen Smith who had been appointed a cabinet minister in British Columbia. She then became the first female provincial cabinet minister and the first in the British Empire.

WOMEN'S RIGHT PROPAGANDA POSTERS

A Look Into Agnes MacPhail's Legacy

Agnes Macphail

CANADA COMPLETELY INDEPENDENT (TRUDEAU ERA)

Pierre Trudeau had proved to a successful leader whilst being part of Canada’s defining moments. In my opinion his journey into making Canada a completely independent country was especially recognizing. On May 20, 1980, Trudeau began work on his plans to reform Canada’s constitution, thus making it a defining moment. As follows he proposed reforms included “patriation”, a charter of human rights, this had broadened federal economic powers, and institutional changes in federal structures such as the Supreme Court. On December 2, 1981, the Canadian House of Commons approved Trudeau’s constitutional reform resolution with a vote of 246 to 24, and so on April 17, 1982, Queen Elizabeth II declared Canada’s independence from the British Parliament. With these major political aims realized, Trudeau spent his final years in office seeking greater economic independence for Canada, forming better trade relations between industrialized democracies and Third World nations, and urging further international disarmament talks. On February 29, 1984, Trudeau resigned from the leadership of the Liberal Party, but he remained in office until John Turner was chosen to replace him at the party leadership convention in June of that following year.

Independence From BRITAIN DOCUMENTS

Pierre Trudeau on human rights

Pierre Trudeau: Charter of Rights and Freedoms

THE MULTICULTURALISM ACT

Canada's adoption to the multiculturalism act as an official policy had definitely proved to be a defining moment for the country. In addition, upon until today, Canada was the first country in the world to do so. Fortunately by enforcing this policy, Canada affirmed the value and dignity of all Canadian citizens regardless of their racial or ethnic origins. The 1971 Multiculturalism Policy of Canada also confirmed the rights of Aboriginal peoples and the status of Canada’s two official languages.

Canada on the syrian refugee crisis

The ongoing conflict in Syria has triggered the worst humanitarian crisis in the world today. According to the United Nations, 13.5 million people inside Syria need urgent help, including 6.5 million who are internally displaced. It is estimated that well over 250,000 people have died in the conflict, with hundreds of thousands more wounded. Fortunately, Canada has given generously to the various international efforts to support the Syrian people, including those living as refugees in neighboring countries. To date, Canada has committed almost 1 billion in humanitarian, development and security assistance in response to the Syria crisis. As a result, the Government of Canada, working with Canadians, including private sponsors, non-governmental organizations, provincial, territorial and municipal governments, has welcomed more than 25,000 Syrian refugees

pro's of multiculturalism

  • people are more tolerant of other ethncities
  • people are allowed to practice their own culture
  • people are more likely to learn English
  • people feel welcomed
  • There is more recognition to minority groups
  • The ideas from diversity of view-points will strengthen Canada
  • A greater chance that the immigrants will fight for Canada
  • Attempts to create unity through difference
  • provides the public sense of free speech
  • can help separate conflicting groups
  • economically beneficial to immigrants and to Canada

Con's Of Multiculturalism

  • people are not very unified
  • loss of Canadian culture
  • It highlights difference and can increase hate crimes
  • It is less successful because of having to do with problems of social cohesion, conflict, and even violence

MULTICULTURALISM AWARENESS PAMPHLETS (1971-TODAY)

multiculturalism events today

MULTICLUTRISIM IN CANADA (FESTIVAL ADVERTISEMENT)

Multicultural Festival 2011

TO CONCLUDE

Canada has displayed courage, intelligence, and faith when faced with hard times. During World War Two Canada showed great planning skills and offensiveness skills which is especially seen in their incredible air force. In the 1920s Canada went from good to bad. As everyone was buying on the margin and playing the stock market everything was not balancing out and the stock market crashed. As a result, Canada's economy went downhill. However it was during this time women were fighting for their rights and were given the opportunity to be a part of the government as they had finally been seen as people. Next the Trudeau era in which Pierre Trudeau was improving and adding laws to Canada, has been a defining moment for the country as he introduced The Multiculturalism Act. This is something Canada is known for today and something we still benefit from. All in all, through these four defining moments for the country, we can clearly see that Canada went through positive and negative times but never lost hope or courage whilst making intelligent decisions along the way, making us Canadians happy to look back and learn about our history!


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