Edgar Nixon

By Alex Koehn

Birth and Death.

Edgar was born on July 12, 1899, in Lowness County, Alabama, E.D. Nixon went on to work as a Pullman porter, later becoming a community activist in Montgomery with leadership positions in the NAACP and the Voters League. He was key in bailing Rosa Parks out of jail. Nixon died on February 25, 1987.

Montgomery Bus Boycott.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted for more than 380 days, with the African-American community enduring a host of travails that included harassment and violent attacks. Nixon's house was firebombed two days after Martin Luther Kings and he was indicted for violating a state anti-boycott statute.


Nixon eventually received an honorary doctorate from Alabama State University, in addition to other accolades. He was married twice. His first wife, Alease, gave birth to their son, E.D. Nixon Jr., in 1928 and passed in 1934. Nixon and his second wife, Arlette, worked together in the civil rights movement.