Judaism

ELLIE.I

How Did Judaism Begin?


Judaism began about 4000 years ago with the Hebrew people in the Middle East. Abraham, a Hebrew man, is considered the father of the Jewish faith because he promoted the central idea of the Jewish faith: that there is one God. At the time many people in the Middle East worshipped many gods. It is said that Abraham and his wife Sarah, who were old and childless, were told by God that their children would be as plentiful as the stars in the sky and that they would live in a land of their own -- the Promised Land. This gradually came true.

who is the founder of judaism?

Jewish history begins with the covenant established between God and Abraham around 1812 BC, during the Bronze Age, in the Middle East. Abraham is considered as the father of the family of Jews.

what do jews believe?

Jews believe that there is a single God who not only created the universe, but with whom every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship.

What Special Things Jews Wear

Kippah (a skull cap)

On their heads a devout Jew always wears the Kippah to remind him that he is always duty bound to follow the laws of God at all times and in all places.

Tallit (a prayer shawl)

Before beginning to worship or pray the devout Jew will often put on a tallit. The fringes on the shawl remind him of the many commandments of the Torah.


Tefilin (small leather box with long leather straps attached)

The boxes are worn on the left forearm and on the forehead. Inside the boxes are passages from the scriptures. A tefilin on the left arm is a reminder to keep God's laws with all your heart, because it is near to the heart. A tefilin on the forehead remind the Jew to concentrate on the teachings of the Torah with all your full mind.

Tefilin are worn when praying at home or in the synagogue.


Anne Frank

ANNE FRANK

Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt, Germany on June 12, 1929. Her father, Otto Frank, was a businessman while her mother, Edith, stayed home taking care of Anne and her older sister Margot.

she was a young girl who was in hiding with her family because the jews were being taken to toconcentration camps.

8 fast facts

Place of Origin Israel

Founder Abraham

Sacred Text The TeNaCh (Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvim)

Sacred Building Synagogue

Holy Place Jerusalem

Major Festivals Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, Pesach (Passover), Shavuot (Pentecost), Sukkot (Tabernacles)

Main Branches
(Denominations)
Orthodox, Reform, Conservative

bibliography

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world religions judism (book)