Constitutional Menu

Legislative

Lower House of Representatives


  • 25 years old

  • citizen of the state that you represent

  • U.S. citizen for 7 years

  • 435 members

  • number of seats is based off of pop of state

  • number changes every ten years

  • 1 person = 600-700 thousand people

  • Leader of the house is called the speaker of the house

  • 2 year term - As many as you can win

  • Impeachment of President: Prosecution Attorney


Senate


  • 30 years old

  • Citizen of the state that you represent

  • U.S. citizen for 9 years

  • 100 total seats available

  • 2 senate's per state

  • Leader of senate: Vice President

  • 6 year term; win as many terms as can win

  • Impeachment trial: Senate serves as the jury


Powers of Congress


  • Taxes
  • Borrow money
  • Regulate trade with countries
  • Coin money
  • Establish post office
  • Declare war
  • Raise military
  • Elastic clause
  • Ability of congress to stratch laws for power

Executive

President



Requirements


  • Must be a natural born citizen
  • 35 years old
  • Must live in U.S. for 14 consecutive years



Powers


  • Commander in chief of military
  • Make treaties with other nations
  • 2/3 approval from Senate
  • Make agreements with other nations
  • Make appointments to federal posts
  • Veto law and suggests new law
  • Grant a pardon to any federal prisoner



Benefits/Role


  • $400,000 year salary
  • $50,000 year expense account
  • Full travel
  • Secret service for you and family
  • Secret service protection for life after term
  • $195,000 a year pension

Judicial

Supreme Court


Qualifications


  • No curtain age
  • Don't have to be an american citizen
  • No term limit for life
  • President nominates you
  • 3/4 of Senate confirms you

* Supreme Court made up of one Chief Justice


* Main jobs

  • Decide if laws are unconstitutional
  • Declare Presidential unconstitutional
  • Review lower court decisions
  • Less than 100 cases/year


* Court System


  • District Court
  • Court of Appeals
  • Supreme Court
  • Could take up to 20 years to go through all of the court systems


Electoral College

Parts 1-3

Preamble


Articles


Amendments

Goals 1-6

To Form a More Perfect Union


To Establish Justice


To Insure Domestic


To Provide for the Common Defense


To Promote the General Welfare


To Secure the Blessing of Liberty

Principles 1-7

Popular Sovereignty


Limited Government


Separation of Powers


Checks and Balances


Federalists


Republicanism


Individual Rights

Amendments

1. Freedom of speech

2. Right to bear Arms

3. Lodging troops in homes

4. Search and Seizure

5. Rights of the Accused

6. Right to speedy trail by jury

7. Jury trial in civil cases

8. Bail and punishment

13. Abolition of slavery

14. Rights of Citizens

15. Voting Rights

16. The income tax

18. Prohibition of Alcohol

19. Women's suffrage

21. Repeal of Prohibition

22. Limit on number of President's Terms

24. Abolition of poll tax in national elections

26. Voting age