Newton's 3 laws

1, 2, & 3

1st law (Law of inertia): An object in motion stays in motion unless equal or opposite force is acted on it

This means an object in rest will stay at rest, 1 example is a soccer ball sitting on the lawn at rest until it is kicked. Another example is pulling a card from the top of a cup with a coin on it.

2nd Law: the acceleration of an object is dependent upon two variables - the net force acting upon the object and the mass of the object.

F=ma is the formula to find the acceleration of an object.

3rd Law: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

The statement means that in every interaction, there is a pair of forces acting on the two interacting objects. The size of the forces on the first object equals the size of the force on the second object.