Animal Experimentation


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Where it Started

Since the late 1800s vivisection which is also known as animal research has become greatly prevalent along with the animal rights movement. Although animal experimentation still exists today, the number of animals that are used for experimentation has decreased about fifty percent within the past ten years. Animal experimentation is a controversial topic that is debated by many people; each year many animals are experimented on for medical purposes along with things like household cleaners, and cosmetics, unfortunately, the purpose of animal experimentation comes to a side that does not please everyone.

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The Animal Welfare Act(AWA) which is under the U.S. Department Of Agriculture(USDA), which is responsible for enforcing the Animal Welfare Act, only provides a minimal protection against certain animals which does not include the animals that make up an estimated ninety to ninety-five percent of animals that are experimented on which is mice, rats, and birds. This act excludes a great amount of cold-blooded animal and farm animals which are raised and experimented on known as agricultural research. Animal Welfare Act only covers animal that’s are warm-blooded like nonhuman primates, rabbits, cats and dogs, along with hamsters and guinea pigs.
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A majority of the animals that are held in captivity are locked in cages or boxes depending on the size of the animal and being deprived of socialization. The animals used in experiments for the cosmetic industry are most exposed to drugs and other harmful products in order to learn the possible side effects they may cause while being used. The cosmetic research experiments that are done on animals are quite expensive and can cause great complications to the animals. “Animals that are tested on for cosmetic and product research have a risk for liver problems, swollen and irritated eyelids, ulceration and bleeding.” (Cosmetic Animal Testing- Cosmetic Industry) Some common household products that are tested on animals include furniture polish, soaps, and air fresheners. The products of household cleaners are just as harmful to animals during experimentation as medical research and cosmetic.
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Why continue using animals when there's alternatives ?

Animal experimentation is a significant subject that deals with the many contentions and debates of whether it’s morally right or wrong and can create a great amount of controversy. Some common debates against animal rights have gone as far as animal testing and alternatives to it, dolphin and whale slaughtering, seal clubbing, animals in medicine, animals as a food source, and zoos. A good reason as to why the debate not just on animal experimentation but all around animal rights is that they are not able to prevent this action against them, they are not able to give their consent for the experiment.

Many debates that strike most people when it comes to animal testing are the alternatives to it. Most believe that alternatives to animal testing is a much better way to go due to the fact that it’s not cruel and harmful to animals. Alternatives to animal experimentation play a very significant role in which the number of animals used in experiments annually decreases. Some alternatives to animal testing are scanning techniques, cell cultures, and synthetic membranes.