Influenza

By: Rhianna Maakestad

What Happens

Lots of things happen when you get Influenza, here are some examples.


  • Symptoms
Some of the symptoms of Influenza are: a fever over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, aching muscles in your back, arms, and legs. Another symptom is chills and or sweats. More symptoms are headache, dry cough, being sleepy or weak, and getting a stuffy nose.




  • Systems Affected
Some of the systems in your body are affected by diseases. The system Influenza attacks is the respiratory system. The respiratory system is made up of your nose, throat, and lungs.



  • The Immune System
Your immune system helps fight off infectious diseases that are attacking your body. The immune system is made up of special cells. There are three different kinds of special cells Leukocytes, Phagocytes, and Luphocytes. These cells make up proteins, tissues, and organs that defend against germs and microorganisms. Some of the things these germs and microorganisms create are: allergic disorders, asthma, eczema, and allergies.
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Affects

The Influenza as you now know does have an effect on your body like these.

  • Risk Factors
Some people have more risk factors than others. Some of those factors are age, occupation, living conditions, weakened immune system,chronic illness, and pregnancy.

  • Complications
Some of the things that you could get during a case of the Influenza are called complications. Some of the complications are, pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma flare-ups, sinus infections, and ear infections.

Fun Facts

There are some interesting tid-bits of information that aren't incredibly important to main part of the Influenza paper. So here they are

  • Flu Facts
The flu season usually starts around October and ends around May. The flu can be spread through the air. The flu can also be spread through items that a sick person has touched.

  • Amount of Cases
To get the amount of cases in the United States go to http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/

  • Causes
There are many ways to contract the flu. For example you can inhale it directly from someone else. You could pick it up from someone or something withe the influenza virus and then put it into your system.

Care

There is many ways to care for yourself when you have the influenza here are some examples.

  • How influenza is treated or cured
There are lots of ways to get better while you have the flu. One way is to stay in bed and rest. Some other ways to help cure your disease is by taking prescription medications Tamiflu or Relenza, drinking lots of fluids and water, rest, and if your in pain you can always take pain relievers like Tylenol.

  • How influenza is prevented
There are so many ways that you can help prevent the influenza, like washing your hands. You could also do many more things like contain your coughs and sneezes, and avoid large crowds.

  • 5 ways to fight the flu
  1. Get the flu vaccine. If you get the vaccine your much less likely to contract the influenza or colds.
  2. WASH YOUR HANDS. washing your hands helps get rid of lots of little germs on your hands.
  3. Keep your distance. If you don't feel good and think your sick, check yourself. Make sure your not giving other people your germs.
  4. Cover your cough.Covering your coughs and sneezes is always a good idea. It's helps keep your germs on you so no one else gets sick.
  5. Stay home. Staying home is a good idea because you can rest and have less chance of spreading the disease.

Spanish Flu

The Spanish flu was a flu pandemic that happened from January 1918 to January 1919.
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Spread

There are many theories on who, what, and where the Spanish Flu emerged. We'll talk on that later . What we're talking about now is the spread of this deadly disease. One of the theories is that Chinese laborers might have spread the disease behind our lines in World War I. Another important spreading field was World War I. World War I hastened the pandemic, increased transmissions of the influenza, augmented mutation, and increased the vitality of the disease. Also during World War I soldiers became even more susceptible to disease because of malnutrition which weakened their immune system. Stress and chemical attacks also increased the susceptibility of people to the disease. Increased travel helped spread the disease far and wide. Modern transportation helped with increased travel, because people could get places faster. the first observation of the new disease was in Haskell County, Kansas in January of 1918. On March 4th the new influenza virus had spread to Fort Riley, Kansas. By March 11th over 100 soldiers from Fort Riley were in the hospital. Within days over 522 men were sick with the new disease.On April 11th the virus hit Queens, New York. In August 1918 a worse strain of the virus hit Brest, France, Serria Leone, and Boston, Massachusetts.

Patterns of Mortality

The Spanish Flu unlike many others killed mostly young adults. From 1918 to 1919 99% of influenza deaths happened in people under the age of 65. Nearly half of the deaths happened in young adults age 20-40 years in age. There was a flu pandemic from 1889-1890 and it was nicknamed the Russian Flu. The Spanish Flu was very unusual because it struck in the summer while most flu outbreaks happen in the winter. The most death was from influenza induced pneumonia.

Theories of origin

The precursor to the Spanish Flu was carried by birds, and mutated pigs. One of the original theories was that influenza had originated in the far east. They thought that a previous virus had started in China. Some think that the virus mutated in America. Then spread to Brest, France, Europe's battle fields, and Europe. Some other possible origins are Haskell County, Kansas, Brest, and Spain. Some earlier origins would be Australia.

Brest, France Recouverance Bridge

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Around the Globe

During the Spanish Flu 10-20 percent of those infected died. 3-6 percent of the world's entire population died. 2,250 children under the age of 1 died of the Spanish Flu. 750 kids from the age of 1-4 were killed by the Spanish flu. 250 kids from the age 5-14 died from the flu. 500 people from the age of 15-24 died.1,000 people from the age of 25-34 died. 500 people from the age of 35-44 died. 250 people from the age of 45-54 died. 250 people from the age of 55-64 died. 750 people from the age of 65-74 died. 1,250 people from the age of the 75-84 died. 2,250 people over the age of 85 died from the Spanish Flu. The pandemic hit in three waves. The first wave hit between 6/29 and 7/27. The second wave was most deadly and hit between 9/21 and 1/11. The third wave hit between 2/18 and 4/5.

The Deadly Second Wave

The second wave of the pandemic was much more deadly than the first. While the first wave hit everybody.The second wave began in August of 1918. It started in America and Sierra Leone. The second wave was a mutated version of the first wave and much more deadly. World War I had changed everything so the virus was even more deadly.

The Devastated Communities

The pandemic changed everyone's lives. People had to watch out for the war and the disease. Many of the victims that died from the flu got buried in holes in the ground because too many people were dying too fast. In Tonga the flu killed 8% of their population. In Nauru the flu killed 16% of their population. The flu also killed 5% of Fiji's population ( about 9,000 people). In Western Samoa the flu infected 90% of the population and killed 62%.

Less Affected Area

In Japan 257,363 people died. Japan had a 0.425% mortality rate. One reason Japan wasn't hit so hard was they restricted daytime travel. American Samoa and New Caledonia succeeded by preventing death. In Australia 12,000 people died. Marajo was the only place not affected by the Spanish Flu.

Asprin Poisioning

Karen Starko said that aspirin poisoning may have contributed to the large amounts of deaths. The death spike happened right after doctors had prescribed large amounts of aspirin to patiens. Most doctors did't know the symptoms of aspirin at the time.

End of the Pandemic

In the end doctors got much better at treating the disease while the disease started to die out.

Bibliography

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"2014-15 Influenza Season." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 01 Dec. 2014. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

Camp Funston. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikepedia. Web.

Care Bear. Digital image. Fanpop. Fanpop. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Flu Facts." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Joseph. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Sept. 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

"Influenza (flu)." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 21 Oct. 2014. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.

Influenza Virus. Digital image. Medicine Net. Medicine Net. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"KidsHealth.org - Search Results." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. The Nemours Foundation. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

Recoverance Bridge Brest, France. Digital image. L.E.D.s Magazine. L.E.D.s Magazine. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Sick Soldiers. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikepedia. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.