Colonial Regions

Katherine Alfano, Bidwell

Colonial Regions

New England: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Maine and Connecticut

Middle Colonies: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware

Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia

Hudson River

Welcome to the Hudson River, a river beginning in New York State. The Hudson River rewards travelers with a picturesque view that will not be forgotten. This 315-mile long river separates New York city and the state of New Jersey and eventually empties into the Upper New York Bay. Along the river, one can see beautiful scenes of forests, mountains, and rolling hills. During colonial times, the river helped early settlements thrive. Today, the Hudson Valley is famous for its history, beauty, farmer's markets, and culture.
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Delaware River

Welcome to the Delaware River, a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. The Delaware River flows 419 miles emptying into the Delaware Bay and eventually the Atlantic Ocean by Cape May, New Jersey. The river divides Pennsylvania and New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and most of Delaware and New Jersey. During colonial times, the river provided settlements with economic success. Today, the Delaware river provides a lot of ship loading and unloading and bridge crossings. Also, wine appellations have been created surrounding the river.
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Questions and Answers

1. Explain British's purpose for establishing the Georgia colony and the Pennsylvania colonies.

Georgia was established as "Social Experiment." James Oglethorpe the leader of the settlement and some of his trustees wanted to colonize Georgia to provide a fresh start for the poor English. The parliament of England hoped that it would take the poor people off the streets of London and that Georgia would be used as a buffer between Spanish Florida and South Carolina. There were very rigid rules that caused this settlement to be unsuccessful. Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn in order to increase his holdings. He was granted it because King Charles II had to repay a large debt that he owed to Sir William Penn by making his son (William Penn) a proprietor of a large tract of land.

2. Describe William Penn's vision for Pennsylvania.

William Penn wanted Pennsylvania to become a haven for the Quakers. The Quakers had been persecuted by Anglicans and Puritans. Penn also wanted it to be a "Holy Experiment." Here, people of different nationalities and religious beliefs could live together peacefully. Pennsylvania in hand, attracted many poor immigrants.

3. What was the name of New York City prior to English control?

New York City was named New Amsterdam prior to English control. Once the English gained control of the city, they renamed it to New York City in honor of James, the Duke of York.

4. How did the English divide up New York?

Once the English gained control of New York, Charles II made his brother, James , the Duke of York, proprietor of New Netherland (New York). James kept part of the colony and named it New York, while he gave the other part to two friends. This part was renamed to New Jersey.

5. Why did the English focus their early colonization efforts on the North and South


In 1663, Captain William Hilton of Massachusetts was sent to locate a good spot for settlement. He explored the region along the Cape Fear River (North Carolina). He described this location as dry, well-wooded, pleasant, and delightful. He went on to say that the woods were abundant with deer and turkeys. He said that there were all different kinds of trees along the land. In return for his exploration, the Carolina promoters granted him 1,000 acres of land.