Education in 1800's

African-American Education

  • In the east coast African-American children did not go to school because it was against the law. If you were caught teaching an African-American child you would be sent to jail, and were forced to pay an enormous fine, and the child would be whipped or tortured in other very cruel ways. In the northern states some African-American kids were allowed to attend school, but the schools they attended were very poor.

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Schools and Students

Schools only had one room and every student was taught together. Students of different ages were in the same class. Students were grouped into classes by the book they were on. Schools were only open during Summer and Winter. Sometimes when a student did very well in school they were awarded the Reward of Merit.
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Consequences for teaching African-Americans

In Southern states it was against the law to teach African-American kids, because the government was worried that the kids would find out about freedom in the North. Anyone caught teaching African-Americans would be arrested and forced to pay an enormous fine. The African-Americans who were caught learning were whipped, or tortured in another way.
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Appearance and Supplies of Schools

Schools used to be one room buildings. Students of all age shared one room, and learned the same things. Schools were only opened during Winter and Summer. The schools were also short on supplies. The schools for the African-American kids were weaker in their studies, and had less supplies than the schools for the White kids.
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Seasons of Learning

School did not start in September like most schools now. During the fall kids did not go to school, instead they worked in the fields and crops. Children worked until November when the harvest was over they went to school. The only times they went to school was in the Summer and Winter, when the crops were not growing. Most of the older boys still did not go to school, even when it was open.
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Teachers

Some of the teachers were sometimes younger than their oldest students. They were not payed a lot, they usually received four to ten dollars a month. Because of they pay most of the teachers were forced to live with their students.
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Bibliography

N.p., n.d. Web.

N.p., n.d. Web.

"Mid -1850s." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 08 May 2013.

"The History of Education in America." The History of Education in America. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2013.

"American Cultural History." LSC-Kingwood Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2013.


For more information visit

http://library.thinkquest.org/J002606/mid1800s.html

http://www.chesapeake.edu/library/EDU_101/eduhist_19thC.asp